• Also known as Twisted Kitten and Crambus; possibly related to Magic HoundAPT 34, and Chrysene. Believed to use similar tools and infrastructure as Chafer
A threat actor believed to be Iran that targets private-sector and government entities for the purpose of espionage.
Suspected victims
  • Israel
  • Kuwait
  • United States
  • Turkey
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Qatar
  • Lebanon
Suspected state sponsor
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Type of incident
  • Espionage
Target category
  • Government
  • Private sector
  • Civil society