Over the past forty years, the Chinese economy has undergone a striking transformation. In 1976, in the wake of Mao’s death and the Cultural Revolution, planned production and fixed pricing stifled market forces. Today, thriving capitalism vies for dominance with the socialist tenets of China’s past. What forces, and which individuals, brought about such a dramatic evolution? Julian Gewirtz, author of Unlikely Partners: Chinese Reformers, Western Economists, and the Making of Global China, tells the fascinating history of how Chinese reformers sought fresh economic ideas from far beyond their country’s borders. In the late 1970s and ensuing decades, as Chinese economists gleaned insights from trips to Europe and lectures by Western economists invited to China, debates raged within the leadership over how best to transform the country’s economic system. Gewirtz argues that the exchanges not only represent a lost period of openness in China’s modern history but also reflect a spirit of collaboration between Chinese and foreign thinkers that should now be rekindled. Listen below to hear his account of the unlikely partnerships that helped shape China into the modern state that exists today.