About the Project
Since Vladimir Putin returned to the presidency in 2012, Moscow has significantly stepped up its efforts to confront the United States politically and militarily and counter American influence worldwide. It has invaded and annexed Crimea; intervened in and occupied parts of eastern Ukraine; deployed substantial military forces and undertaken a ruthless bombing campaign to Syria to prop up the Assad regime and defeat the American-supported opposition; significantly expanded its armed forces, including missile deployments in violation of treaty commitments; undertaken large military exercises designed to intimidate Eastern European states; interfered in the political systems of European countries; and used the threat to cut off gas supplies as leverage over the most energy-dependent European states. In 2016, Russia used cyber hacking, disinformation, social media ad purchases, and the leaking of stolen information to try to influence the outcome of the presidential election and destabilize American democracy. Together with Senior Fellow Robert Blackwill, I wrote a Council Special Report and articles spelling out a strategy for coping with this growing challenge from Russia.