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November 17, 2020

Transition 2021
Climate Change: The Biden Administration's Opportunity in Africa

Climate change is both one of the greatest threats to Africa and an area in which Biden administration policy is most likely to differ from President Trump's. Through his leadership on this issue, the president-elect has a chance to make a difference.

A parched landscape around the Lake Wegnia, in Sahel region of Koulikoro, Mali. A small tree and a few shrubs intersperse a mostly dirt landscape.

October 29, 2020

Democratic Republic of Congo
Why Cobalt Mining in the DRC Needs Urgent Attention

Cobalt is an essential mineral used for batteries in electric cars, computers, and cell phones. Demand for cobalt is increasing as more electric cars are sold, particularly in Europe.

An artisanal miner carries raw ore at Tilwizembe, a former industrial copper-cobalt mine, outside of Kolwezi, the capital city of Lualaba Province in the south of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, June 11, 2016

November 23, 2020

Mozambique
The Military-First Approach in Northern Mozambique is Bound to Fail

Nolan Quinn is a research associate for the Council on Foreign Relations’ Africa Program. On October 14, the Islamist insurgency focused in northern Mozambique spilled over into Tanzania, with an …

An image of burned out huts in Chitolo village in northern Mozambique, which was attacked as part of an Islamist insurgency active in the area.

November 19, 2020

Nigeria
Nigerian Security Forces and the Dangers of a Violence-First Approach

On October 20, 2020, Nigerians watched in horror on social media as men suspected to be members of the military opened fire on peaceful #EndSARS protesters—a movement responding to a litany of abuses by the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS).

A pair of military officers are seen walking towards a group of young men on the street in Nigeria. One man has both arms raised.

October 1, 2020

Niger
How to Build Better Militaries in Africa: Lessons from Niger

Niger is a key partner of the U.S. in West Africa. The United States provides a range of assistance to Niger, but the country stands out because strategic-level reforms have been taken seriously by both the United States and the partner country. 

Nigerien soldier, wearing fatigues, sunglasses, a brown hat, and with a gun resting on his shoulder, stands guard.

September 9, 2020

Namibia
Remembering Dirk Mudge, Pioneer of Multiracial Democracy in Namibia

Dirk Mudge, who died of COVID-19, certainly deserves recognition for his commitment to bringing democracy and majority rule to Namibia.

Small plastic flags of Namibia (a red stripe through blue and green corners, with a small yellow sun in the upper left blue corner) wave in a crowd.

December 2, 2020

Nigeria
Nigeria: Atrocity in the Northeast

In response to the November 28 killing of civilians working in rice fields in Jere local government area, close to the Borno State capital of Maiduguri, Borno State Governor Babagana Umara Zulum appears to be looking for local entities to restore security

Men gather near dead bodies of people who were killed by militant attack, during a mass burial at Zabarmari, in the Jere local government area of Borno State. The bodies are covered in white cloth and placed on wooden structures used to carry the bodies.

November 30, 2020

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: November 21-27

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from November 21 to November 27, 2020.

Map of Nigeria shaded in red to reflect Nigeria Security Tracker-documented deaths per state. Borno state, the northeastern-most state, is dark red, while the rest of the country are shades of pink. Regions of Cameroon, Chad, and Niger that have experienced Boko Haram-related violence are also shaded.

September 14, 2020

Women and Women's Rights
Gender Advisors Key to Effective Policy

The proposed revisions to the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment Policy have received a lot of attention since being released for public comment…

Afghan women at polling station

December 1, 2020

Nigeria
Nigerian Army at the Lekki Toll Gate

On the night of November 20, Nigerian army units attacked demonstrators calling for the abolition of the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS), an elite police unit known for its brutality. CNN has conducted an investigation of the Lekki episode.

A picture of the Lekki Toll Gate in Lagos, Nigeria, the site of a killing of peaceful protesters by the Nigerian military. The #EndsSARS hashtag is seen written in chalk on the ground in the foreground of the picture.