25 Results for:

September 19, 2016

Using Incentives to Shape the Zero-Day Market

In early 2016, the Federal Bureau of Investigation reportedly paid more than $1.3 million for a software flaw that allowed it to unlock an iPhone without Apple’s assistance. The purchase was possible…

November 4, 2010

Energy and Climate Policy
Energy Innovation

Overview Low-carbon technology innovation and diffusion are both essential aspects of an effective response to climate change. Studying China, India, and Brazil, Michael A. Levi, Elizabeth C. Econ…

October 21, 2014

Digital Policy
Holding the Multistakeholder Line at the ITU

The United States heads to the 2014 International Telecommunications Union (ITU) Plenipotentiary Conference in Busan, South Korea, looking to defend its approach to Internet governance. Washington an…

November 20, 2015

Fossil Fuels
Fiscal Breakeven Oil Prices

Introduction An oil-exporting country’s “fiscal breakeven” oil price is the minimum price per barrel that the country needs in order to meet its expected spending needs while balancing its budget …

October 29, 2015

Fossil Fuels
Automobile Fuel Economy Standards in a Lower-Oil-Price World

Overview Corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards, which require automakers to achieve government-mandated targets for the efficiency of the vehicles they sell each year, can reduce U.S. re…

January 11, 2011

Summary Report for the Workshop on Cybersecurity, Foreign Policy, and Business

Introduction In early 2011, the Council on Foreign Relations held a workshop focused on the intersection of cybersecurity, foreign policy, and global business. The program, which included a keynot…

February 17, 2011

Limiting Iranian Nuclear Activities

Overview How much Iranian nuclear capability is too much? The simplest answer is that any amount is unacceptable. But it is far from clear that zero enrichment is a realistic goal. To help illumin…

June 14, 2010

Energy and Climate Policy
Energy Security

Overview What is energy security? On April 12–13, the Council on Foreign Relations convened academics, policymakers, and industry experts to assess the security implications of the way the world p…

June 2, 2010

Divided They Dally?

Overview How would the Arab states of the Middle East react if Iran were to acquire a nuclear weapons capability? In this Working Paper, sponsored by the Carnegie Corporation of New York, Michael …

December 11, 2014

Fossil Fuels
Spillovers From Falling Oil Prices

Overview U.S. policymakers who worry about the impact of energy developments on geopolitics typically think of high oil prices as bad news and low prices as an unalloyed good. But a sustained drop…