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October 18, 2021

Cameroon
Cameroon Presidential Succession Looms Large in Solving Country's Political Crises

In Cameroon, an incident last week in which a gendarme shot and killed a young child in Buea—a regional capital that has been the site of clashes between anglophone separatists and federal government forces—is the most recent outrage to make international headlines. Yet every day, the country’s civil conflict inflicts a brutal toll on the population, with surprisingly little outside attention. For five years, a deepening crisis has pit anglophone separatists against federal authorities, leading to thousands of lives lost and hundreds of thousands of civilians displaced—disrupting the education of hundreds of thousands of children in the process.

Soldiers brandishing rifles sit in the back of a camouflaged pickup truck. An election advertisement board of Cameroon President Paul Biya is seen behind them alongside another billboard with an advertisement.

October 13, 2021

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: October 2–8

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from October 2 to October 8, 2021.

October 12, 2021

Eswatini
Swazi Students Resist Monarchy to Continue the Fight for Democracy

The people of eSwatini have not stopped trying to chart a different course for their future. In particular, students around the country, at the university and high-school levels, have been organizing walkouts and continuing to call for a transition to democratic governance.

A close-up picture of King Mswati III of the Kingdom of eSwatini.

October 5, 2021

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: September 25–October 1

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from September 25 to October 1, 2021.

Map of Nigeria shaded in red to reflect Nigeria Security Tracker-documented deaths per state. Borno state, the northeastern-most state, is dark red, while the rest of the country are shades of pink. Regions of Cameroon, Chad, and Niger that have experienced Boko Haram-related violence are also shaded.

October 4, 2021

Ethiopia
Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Doubles Down as Suffering Intensifies

On September 30 the Ethiopian government declared seven senior UN officials—five from OCHA, one from the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), and an official from the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights—personae non gratae and insisted that they leave the country. Federal officials claimed that the expelled personnel had been “meddling in the internal affairs of the country.” The announcement came just days after the UN’s Emergency Relief Coordinator called the manmade crisis in Tigray “a stain on our conscience.”

Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed stands and raises his right hand beside a woman standing at a podium with her hand raised. An Ethiopian flag sits behind both of them.

September 27, 2021

Sudan
Thwarted Coup Signals Dangerous Times for Sudan’s Transition

On September 21, Sudanese authorities announced that they had thwarted an attempted coup. Civilian leaders assert that the incident is just another example of the urgent need for security-sector reform; meanwhile, military leaders have suggested that civilian mismanagement of the economy provides fertile ground for attempts to overthrow the government.

Protesters raise their arms while standing next to a truck with armed men standing in the bed of the truck.

September 28, 2021

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: September 18–24

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from September 18 to September 24, 2021.

Map of Nigeria shaded in red to reflect Nigeria Security Tracker-documented deaths per state. Borno state, the northeastern-most state, is dark red, while the rest of the country are shades of pink. Regions of Cameroon, Chad, and Niger that have experienced Boko Haram-related violence are also shaded.

September 20, 2021

Ethiopia
Ethiopia: U.S. Sanctions Threat Attempts to Change the Equation

Last week, the Biden administration rolled out a new executive order authorizing targeted financial sanctions on those found to be responsible for, or complicit in, exacerbating the conflict in and around the Tigray region or Ethiopia, hindering humanitarian assistance in region, or undermining Ethiopia’s democracy or territorial integrity. In its announcement, the White House was explicit in putting all of the parties to the conflict on notice, underscoring that the sanctions could apply to those in the Ethiopian government, the Eritrean government, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), and the Amhara region’s government and forces.

Several individuals stand in back of an armed truck.

September 21, 2021

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: September 11–17

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from September 11 to September 17, 2021.

Map of Nigeria shaded in red to reflect Nigeria Security Tracker-documented deaths per state. Borno state, the northeastern-most state, is dark red, while the rest of the country are shades of pink. Regions of Cameroon, Chad, and Niger that have experienced Boko Haram-related violence are also shaded.

September 15, 2021

Somalia
Somalia’s Ongoing Political Crisis Exposes Fundamental Problem for U.S. Policy

The fragile Somali government is on the brink again, consumed by President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed (also known as Farmaajo) and Prime Minister Mohamed Hussein Roble’s tussle for control of the National Intelligence and Security Agency (NISA)—a power struggle sharpened by the murder of Ikran Tahlil. Tahlil, who worked for NISA, disappeared this summer.

Protesters hold up a sign with a red "X" drawn across a picture of the Somali president.