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May 17, 2021

U.S. Foreign Policy
Major Power Rivalry in Africa

Major power rivalry on the African continent cannot be ignored, but it should not dominate U.S.-Africa relations. The United States should pursue close, strategic partnerships with African states.

A black and white photo of rooftops and a tower in the distance over a white block with title and author.

March 13, 2008

Kenya
Policy Options Paper—Kenya

This paper was written by Michelle D. Gavin, adjunct fellow for Africa at the Council on Foreign Relations and former senior U.S. Senate staffer. It was distributed on March 14, 2007, to select membe…

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July 27, 2020

United Nations
From Norm-Takers to Norm-Makers

African UN member states should act as unifiers and conveners rather than dividers. More coordination could help them overcome the structural challenges they face at the United Nations.

From a zoomed-out, interior perspective, a man walks out of the UN headquarters.

February 17, 2011

Iran
Limiting Iranian Nuclear Activities

Overview How much Iranian nuclear capability is too much? The simplest answer is that any amount is unacceptable. But it is far from clear that zero enrichment is a realistic goal. To help illumin…

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June 2, 2010

Iran
Divided They Dally?

Overview How would the Arab states of the Middle East react if Iran were to acquire a nuclear weapons capability? In this Working Paper, sponsored by the Carnegie Corporation of New York, Michael …

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October 29, 2015

Fossil Fuels
Automobile Fuel Economy Standards in a Lower-Oil-Price World

Overview Corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards, which require automakers to achieve government-mandated targets for the efficiency of the vehicles they sell each year, can reduce U.S. re…

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May 8, 2013

United States
Resilient American Values

Overview Despite an extended period of economic difficulty, Pew Research Center pollsters Andrew Kohut and Michael Dimock show that Americans' core values and beliefs about economic opportunity, a…

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February 6, 2013

Fossil Fuels
Using Oil Taxes to Improve Fiscal Reform

Overview Economists have long argued that taxing oil consumption would be the most efficient way to address U.S. vulnerability to overpriced and unreliable oil supplies. Yet energy taxes are a thi…

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March 14, 2011

Labor and Employment
The Evolving Structure of the American Economy and the Employment Challenge

Overview This Working Paper by Nobel Laureate Michael Spence and Sandile Hlatshwayo is a detailed examination of the changing shape of the American economy and the effect of these changes on the l…

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December 11, 2014

Fossil Fuels
Spillovers From Falling Oil Prices

Overview U.S. policymakers who worry about the impact of energy developments on geopolitics typically think of high oil prices as bad news and low prices as an unalloyed good. But a sustained drop…

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