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May 4, 2021

Technology and Innovation
Open Access Fiber to Improve U.S. Internet Connectivity

To avoid falling behind the rest of the world on internet speed and access, the United States should rapidly deploy fiber-optic internet nationwide. 

Close-up of Joe Biden in a blue suit and blue tie, speaking and gesturing with his right hand, in front of several U.S. flags

March 8, 2021

Inequality
Transforming International Affairs Education to Address Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion

Insufficient leadership, outdated curricula, and alienating school climates leave future foreign policy experts ill prepared to address the social forces contributing to fragility and unrest globally…

Protesters hold up placards as they “take a knee” in front of a police line at a Black Lives Matter demonstration outside the U.S. Embassy in London on June 7, 2020.

May 10, 2013

Immigration and Migration
Managing Illegal Immigration to the United States

Overview The authors examine U.S. efforts to prevent illegal immigration to the United States. Although the United States has witnessed a sharp drop in illegal border crossings in the past decade …

Managing Illegal Immigration to the United States cover

May 29, 2020

Election 2020
Banning Covert Foreign Election Interference

The United States is one of the countries that is most susceptible to foreign election interference. To safeguard the U.S. elections in November, Robert K. Knake argues that the United States and oth…

President Donald J. Trump holds up an executive order in front of a crowd at the White House.

April 1, 2000

China
China, Nuclear Weapons, and Arms Control

Few challenges loom as large on the U.S. foreign policy agenda as the effective management of relations with the People's Republic of China (PRC). This is a perennial challenge, given China's central…

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November 20, 2015

Fossil Fuels
Fiscal Breakeven Oil Prices

Introduction An oil-exporting country’s “fiscal breakeven” oil price is the minimum price per barrel that the country needs in order to meet its expected spending needs while balancing its budget …

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July 11, 2017

Energy and Environment
Interactive: Oil Exporters' External Breakeven Prices

The 2014 fall in global oil prices, from over $100 a barrel to around $50 a barrel, reduced the export proceeds of the world’s main oil- and gas-exporting economies by about $1 trillion. After a deca…

July 15, 2019

5G
Securing 5G Networks

5G networks are expected to revolutionize the digital economy. But with this opportunity comes major cybersecurity challenges. U.S. policymakers need to respond using technical and regulatory measure…

A woman walks past a billboard reading '5G is here' on day one of the Mobile World Congress (MWC) Shanghai 2019 at the Shanghai New International Expo Center on June 26, 2019 in Shanghai, China.

December 11, 2014

Fossil Fuels
Spillovers From Falling Oil Prices

Overview U.S. policymakers who worry about the impact of energy developments on geopolitics typically think of high oil prices as bad news and low prices as an unalloyed good. But a sustained drop…

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June 13, 2016

Fossil Fuels
Oil Price Volatility: Causes, Effects, and Policy Implications

CFR convened a workshop to explore what drives oil price volatility, what effects it has on the economy and geopolitics, and what policy options to reduce price volatility.

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