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July 15, 2019

Technology and Innovation
Securing 5G Networks

5G networks could revolutionize the digital economy, but with this opportunity come major cybersecurity challenges. U.S. policymakers need to respond using technical and regulatory measures, diplomac…

A woman walks past a billboard reading '5G is here' on day one of the Mobile World Congress (MWC) Shanghai 2019 at the Shanghai New International Expo Center on June 26, 2019 in Shanghai, China.

October 16, 2019

Cybersecurity
Expanding Disclosure Policy to Drive Better Cybersecurity

Companies should disclose instances of cyber-enabled intellectual property theft. Disclosure requirements would give companies greater incentives to protect their intellectual property and allow investors to make better-informed decisions.

Mark Begor (left), CEO of Equifax, and Arne Sorenson, CEO of Marriott International, are sworn in during a Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee hearing on data breaches, March 7, 2019.

November 20, 2015

Fossil Fuels
Fiscal Breakeven Oil Prices

Introduction An oil-exporting country’s “fiscal breakeven” oil price is the minimum price per barrel that the country needs in order to meet its expected spending needs while balancing its budget …

Fiscal Breakeven Oil Prices header

July 11, 2017

Energy and Environment
Interactive: Oil Exporters' External Breakeven Prices

The 2014 fall in global oil prices, from over $100 a barrel to around $50 a barrel, reduced the export proceeds of the world’s main oil- and gas-exporting economies by about $1 trillion. After a deca…

July 7, 2008

Food and Water Security
Food Price Inflation

Overview Increases in the prices for major food crops that are traded globally have reached extraordinary levels, sparking riots in some countries and becoming the focus of widespread debate and p…

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December 11, 2014

Fossil Fuels
Spillovers From Falling Oil Prices

Overview U.S. policymakers who worry about the impact of energy developments on geopolitics typically think of high oil prices as bad news and low prices as an unalloyed good. But a sustained drop…

Spillovers From Falling Oil Prices header

June 13, 2016

Fossil Fuels
Oil Price Volatility: Causes, Effects, and Policy Implications

CFR convened a workshop to explore what drives oil price volatility, what effects it has on the economy and geopolitics, and what policy options to reduce price volatility.

Oil Price Volatility: Causes, Effects, and Policy Implications cover

March 9, 2016

Food and Water Security
Anticipating and Avoiding Global Food Price Crises

Overview Global food prices have spiked several times in recent years, most notably in 2007–2008 and again in 2010–2011. A sharp increase in food prices, especially in staple grains such as corn, …

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July 11, 2017

Fossil Fuels
Using External Breakeven Prices to Track Vulnerabilities in Oil-Exporting Countries

The best single measure of the resilience of an oil- or gas-exporting economy in the face of swings in the global oil price is its external breakeven price: the oil price that covers its import bill…

External breakevens petroleum oil

October 29, 2015

Fossil Fuels
Automobile Fuel Economy Standards in a Lower-Oil-Price World

Overview Corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards, which require automakers to achieve government-mandated targets for the efficiency of the vehicles they sell each year, can reduce U.S. re…

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