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July 15, 2019

Technology and Innovation
Securing 5G Networks

5G networks could revolutionize the digital economy, but with this opportunity come major cybersecurity challenges. U.S. policymakers need to respond using technical and regulatory measures, diplomac…

A woman walks past a billboard reading '5G is here' on day one of the Mobile World Congress (MWC) Shanghai 2019 at the Shanghai New International Expo Center on June 26, 2019 in Shanghai, China.

November 20, 2015

Fossil Fuels
Fiscal Breakeven Oil Prices

Introduction An oil-exporting country’s “fiscal breakeven” oil price is the minimum price per barrel that the country needs in order to meet its expected spending needs while balancing its budget …

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July 2, 2019

Global Governance
Reevaluating Global Trade Governance Structures to Address Climate Change

Climate change is imperiling humanity’s future. To combat it, the world needs to use rules that have been around for decades, create new rules, and find new space for climate change policy.

A sorting machine at a recycling site in Edinburgh, Scotland, on April 17, 2019

July 11, 2017

Energy and Environment
Interactive: Oil Exporters' External Breakeven Prices

The 2014 fall in global oil prices, from over $100 a barrel to around $50 a barrel, reduced the export proceeds of the world’s main oil- and gas-exporting economies by about $1 trillion. After a deca…

June 14, 2019

Energy and Environment
Climate Risk Impacts on the Energy System

Insights from a CFR workshop examining the financial, regulatory, security, and technological dimensions of climate risks to the U.S. energy system.

Hurricane Harvey off the coast of Texas as seen from the International Space Station, on August 25, 2017.

July 7, 2008

Food and Water Security
Food Price Inflation

Overview Increases in the prices for major food crops that are traded globally have reached extraordinary levels, sparking riots in some countries and becoming the focus of widespread debate and p…

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December 11, 2014

Fossil Fuels
Spillovers From Falling Oil Prices

Overview U.S. policymakers who worry about the impact of energy developments on geopolitics typically think of high oil prices as bad news and low prices as an unalloyed good. But a sustained drop…

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October 16, 2018

Cybersecurity
Disinformation on Steroids

Deep fakes—highly realistic and difficult-to-detect depictions of real people doing or saying things they never said or did—are a profoundly serious problem for democratic governments and the world order. A combination of technology, education, and public policy can reduce their effectiveness.

An image from a fake video of former President Barack Obama, demonstrating facial-mapping technology.

June 13, 2016

Fossil Fuels
Oil Price Volatility: Causes, Effects, and Policy Implications

CFR convened a workshop to explore what drives oil price volatility, what effects it has on the economy and geopolitics, and what policy options to reduce price volatility.

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March 9, 2016

Food and Water Security
Anticipating and Avoiding Global Food Price Crises

Overview Global food prices have spiked several times in recent years, most notably in 2007–2008 and again in 2010–2011. A sharp increase in food prices, especially in staple grains such as corn, …

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