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January 27, 2005

Iraq
IRAQ: Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani

This publication is now archived. Who is the Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani?He is the most important Shiite cleric in Iraq, where the population is about 60 percent Shiite. The reclusive, Iranian-bor…

August 17, 2021

Palestinian Territories
What Is Hamas?

The Palestinian armed group has struggled to govern Gaza. Yet, it remains committed to resisting Israel and shows little desire to reconcile with Palestinian leadership in the West Bank.

Gun-toting Hamas militants ride a vehicle amid a massive crowd of the group's supporters

June 19, 2015

Yemen
Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP)

Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula has emerged as one of the most dangerous al-Qaeda affiliates, strengthening amid political unrest in Yemen. 

Jalal Belaidi, also known as Abu Hamza, leader of Ansar al-Sharia.

May 19, 2021

Somalia
Al-Shabab

Al-Shabab remains capable of carrying out massive attacks in Somalia and surrounding countries despite a long-running African Union offensive against the Islamist terrorist group. 

Al-Shabab in Somalia

June 1, 2010

Terrorism and Counterterrorism
Terrorism Havens: Somalia

This publication is now archived. A Condensed HistorySomalia was created in 1960 by the merger of British Somaliland Protectorate and the colony of Italian Somaliland. The United Republic of Somalia …

May 22, 2006

Democracy
Snags Remain in Forming Iraqi Government

The main hurdles to forming a permanent government in Iraq and improving its worsening security situation remain the ministries of defense and interior. Iraq’s parliament approved the new government …

December 12, 2005

Elections and Voting
Iraqi Political Coalitions in the Parliamentary Elections

This publication is now archived. IntroductionIraqi voters going to the polls in elections to choose a permanent parliament will face a diverse list of candidates and coalitions. All told, more than …

April 23, 2021

United Kingdom
Moving Past the Troubles: The Future of Northern Ireland Peace

The Good Friday Agreement has dampened sectarian tensions and brought stability to Northern Ireland, but Brexit border arrangements and growing dissatisfaction are throwing the region’s hard-won gain…

Northern Ireland

July 1, 2020

Trade
NAFTA and the USMCA: Weighing the Impact of North American Trade

President Trump reached a deal with Canada and Mexico to restructure the North American Free Trade Agreement, hoping a new trilateral accord will reinvigorate the U.S. manufacturing sector.  

Mexican commercial trucks cross into the United States.

February 16, 2005

Iraq
IRAQ: The Iraqi Insurgency

This publication is now archived. Will the Iraqi insurgency quiet down after June 30?Probably not. Violence caused by insurgents has surged as the June 30 handover of sovereignty to the Iraqi Interim…