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October 17, 2019

Defense and Security
Funding the Nuclear Triad to Deter Great Power Adversaries

Captain Brian L. Sittlow is a naval officer, specializing in submarines, and a military fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR). The opinions expressed in this article are solely those of th…

Following a strategic deterrence patrol, the Ohio-class ballistic-missile submarine USS Alaska returns to its homeport at Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay, Georgia, U.S. in this April 2, 2019 handout photo.

August 19, 2019

Military Operations
Sea Power: The U.S. Navy and Foreign Policy

The U.S. Navy’s dominance of the world’s oceans has made it an indispensable foreign policy tool as well as a guarantor of global trade, but a mix of challenges is raising difficult questions about i…

A U.S. cruiser and aircraft carrier during a replenishment-at-sea.

August 27, 2019

Cybersecurity
Regional Power Struggles Explain the Rationale Behind Cyber Operations

Aspiring regional powers increasingly conduct cyber operations to change regional affairs in their favor. The use of cyber means by regional powers escalates the risk of conflict escalation, especial…

A man types into a keyboard during a hacker convention on July 29, 2017.

July 29, 2019

Southeast Asia
China’s Soft and Sharp Power Strategies in Southeast Asia Accelerating, But Are They Having an Impact?

In a recent analysis for the Jamestown Foundation, Russell Hsiao of the Global Taiwan Institute presented a thorough and compelling case of Chinese Communist Party (CCP) influence operations in Singa…

Singapore’s Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong shakes hands with China's President Xi Jinping before their meeting at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, China April 29, 2019.

July 15, 2019

Iran
Trump's Iran Policy Proves the Primacy of U.S. Power—but to What End?

As Iran slowly untethers itself from the Iran nuclear deal’s central constraints on enriched uranium, signaling the deal’s potential collapse, President Trump is proving that U.S. unilateral power re…

Trump

June 19, 2019

Iran
Iran, the Strait of Hormuz, and Hard Power

I woke up this morning thinking I would write a blog explaining just how challenging it would be for Iran to close the Strait of Hormuz for a prolonged period of time. This is not to say that there c…

Explosions that damaged two tankers south of the Strait of Hormuz on June 13, 2019 come a month after four vessels were targeted in "sabotage attacks" off the coast of the United Arab Emirates.

October 17, 2019

Nigeria
Buhari Orders Land Borders Closed in Long-Running Effort to Boost Rice Production

In August, President Muhammadu Buhari ordered closed Nigeria’s land border with Benin, preventing the import of goods. The move significantly affected trade in foodstuffs. It is part of an effort to tackle smuggling and associated corruption, but also, apparently, to spur the domestic agricultural industry. On October 14, Nigeria ordered closed all of Nigeria’s borders with Benin, as well as those with all other countries, for the same reasons.

A farmer works with rice sprouts on a farm

October 16, 2019

Turkey
The President's Inbox: Henri Barkey and Steven Cook on the U.S. Withdrawal from Syria

The latest episode of The President’s Inbox is live. I sat down with Henri Barkey, CFR’s adjunct senior fellow for Middle East studies, and Steven Cook, CFR’s Eni Enrico Mattei senior fellow for Midd…

A boy waves a Turkish flag as a Turkish military vehicle drives through a town near the Turkey-Syria border on October 16.

October 15, 2019

Turkey
NATO’s Turkey Ties Must Change

The Turkish invasion in northern Syria is the latest example of the country’s disregard for NATO values. It’s time to do something about it.

October 15, 2019

South Africa
U.S. Treasury Moves Against South Africa’s Corrupt Gupta Family

The Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) of the U.S Treasury has formally sanctioned on October 10 members of the Gupta family and associates, who are members of a “significant corruption network in South Africa.” Under the sanction, all Gupta property in the United States is blocked and must be reported to OFAC.

Sigal Mandelker addresses a press roundtable and gestures with her hand.