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February 1, 1998

Trade
Promoting U.S. Economic Relations with Africa

In 1997, Washington paid unprecedented attention to Africa and its continental rebirth. Both then-First Lady Hillary Clinton and then-Secretary of State Madeleine Albright toured the continent. Presi…

June 1, 1998

South Korea
Managing Change on the Korean Peninsula

The Korean peninsula remains one of the most heavily armed and dangerous places in the world. Despite its deteriorating economy, North Korea retains a standing army of over one million men and an eno…

July 1, 1997

Russia
Russia, Its Neighbors, and an Enlarging NATO

NATO’s decision to enlarge comes at a time of historic opportunity. With this growth, NATO will issue invitations to additional European states, thereby extending and reinforcing the zone of stabilit…

September 1, 1998

India
After the Tests

The spring 1998 Indian and Pakistani nuclear tests made South Asia and the world a more dangerous place, says this independent Task Force report. It recommends that the immediate objectives of U.S. f…

July 27, 1999

Asia
U.S. Policy Toward North Korea

The Korean peninsula remains one of the world’s most dangerous places. While North Korea has an army of 1.2 million troops and holds Seoul hostage with its missiles and artillery, Pyongyang is in des…

September 16, 1998

Trade
Sanctions Against Rogue States: Do They Work?

(May 22, 1998) - The Council on Foreign Relations’ Great Debate on Sanctions Against Rogue States will air on UCSD-TV, a non-commercial television station broadcasting from the La Jolla campus of th…

April 1, 1999

Europe and Eurasia
U.S. Policy Toward Northeastern Europe

During the Cold War Northeastern Europe was a strategic backwater and received relatively little attention in U.S. policy. However, since the end of the Cold War, the region has become an important f…

January 24, 2000

Kosovo
Promoting Sustainable Economies in the Balkans

The conflict in Kosovo, less than four years after the brutal civil war in Bosnia, was a wake-up call to the international community. The West and others had once again underestimated the powerful fo…

March 24, 2000

Colombia
First Steps Toward a Constructive U.S. Policy in Colombia

Introduction and Executive Summary In November 1999, the Council on Foreign Relations and Inter-American Dialogue established an independent task force to review and offer recommendations on U.S. …

October 27, 1999

Defense and Security
Nonlethal Technologies

The U.S. approach to international conflict in the post–Cold War period—how we think about them and what actions we take—is enormously affected by America’s capabilities to quell conflicts by diploma…