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January 14, 2020

France
France and G5 Sahel Recommit Themselves as U.S. Mulls Drawdown

President Emmanuel Macron of France hosted a summit in Pau, southwestern France, with the heads of state of Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauretania, and Niger. The purpose of the summit was to improve military coordination against insurgents with a particular focus on the Islamic State in West Africa (ISWA) and al-Qaeda affiliate Jama'at Nasr al-Islam wal Muslimin (JNIM). Macron also sought, and received from the African chiefs of state, an endorsement of France’s continued presence in the region. He, in turn, pledged a small increase in the number of French soldiers to be deployed there. 

France's President Emmanuel Macron with the G5 Sahel heads of state deliver a news conference as part of the G5 Sahel summit on the situation in the Sahel region in Pau, France January 13, 2020

January 13, 2020

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: January 4–10

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from January 4 to 10, 2020.

Map of Nigeria shaded to reflect NST-documented deaths per state.

January 9, 2020

West Africa
Jihadi Violence and Terror Surging in West Africa

In a follow up to his remarks in December, Mohamed Iban, Chambas, the UN special representative sand head of the UN Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS) sounded the alarm on growing militant and jihadi violence. In his January 8 briefing to the UN Security Council, he said the “devastating surge” in terrorism has “shaken public confidence.” He focused on Burkina Faso, Mali, and Niger, where casualties from terrorism have increased fivefold since 2016, with 4,000 deaths in 2019 compared to 770 in 2016.

Mohammed Ibn Chambas, Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel, briefs the Security Council on West Africa, on January 10, 2019, in New York.

January 7, 2020

Iran
Death of Iranian General Soleimani Provokes Muted Reaction in Africa’s Giants

Nigeria and South Africa are the giants of Africa, with the two largest economies on the continent.  Both have had long-term relationships with Iran, though South Africa’s has been the closer. Thus far, the official reaction to Soleimani’s death from Nigeria and South Africa has been muted or non-existent, reflecting caution. Though the Nigerian inspector general of police has put his forces on “red alert,” likely fearing action by the Islamic Movement of Nigeria (IMN) or other alleged Iranian proxies, there has been no apparent word from the government. In South Africa, the fiercest reaction came from the African National Congress (ANC), while Naledi Pandor, the South African foreign minister, called for calm.

Women hold pictures of Iranian Major-General Qassem Soleimani, head of the elite Quds Force, who was killed in an air strike at Baghdad airport, during a funeral procession and burial at his hometown in Kerman, Iran, on January 7, 2020.

January 6, 2020

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: December 28–January 3

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from December 28, 2019, to January 3, 2020.

Map of Nigeria shaded to reflect NST-documented deaths per state.

December 30, 2019

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: December 21–27

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from December 21 to 27, 2019.

Map of Nigeria shaded to reflect NST-documented deaths per state.

December 23, 2019

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: December 14–20

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from December 14 to 20, 2019.

Map of Nigeria shaded to reflect NST-documented deaths per state.

December 16, 2019

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: December 7–13

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from December 7 to 13, 2019.

Map of Nigeria shaded to reflect NST-documented deaths per state.

December 9, 2019

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: November 30–December 6

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from November 30 to December 6, 2019.

Map of Nigeria shaded to reflect NST-documented deaths per state.

December 2, 2019

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: November 23–29

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from November 23 to 29, 2019.

Map of Nigeria shaded to reflect NST-documented deaths per state.