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January 1, 1996

Intelligence
Making Intelligence Smarter

The need for intelligence, and for a capability within the U.S. government to collect, produce, and disseminate it, remains critical. The end of the Cold War will not usher in an age of peace and sec…

January 1, 1996

Economic Crises
Lessons of the Mexican Peso Crisis

What the United States and the international community have done for Mexico is unique. No other country, with the exception of Canada, could muster such support from the U.S.government. The Mexican p…

January 1, 1995

Treaties and Agreements
Nuclear Proliferation

The international community stands at a historic crossroads. In less than three months, delegations from around the world will convene in New York City to decide whether to renew the nuclear Nonproli…

February 1, 1998

Trade
Promoting U.S. Economic Relations with Africa

In 1997, Washington paid unprecedented attention to Africa and its continental rebirth. Both then-First Lady Hillary Clinton and then-Secretary of State Madeleine Albright toured the continent. Presi…

July 1, 1997

Russia
Russia, Its Neighbors, and an Enlarging NATO

NATO’s decision to enlarge comes at a time of historic opportunity. With this growth, NATO will issue invitations to additional European states, thereby extending and reinforcing the zone of stabilit…

June 1, 1998

South Korea
Managing Change on the Korean Peninsula

The Korean peninsula remains one of the most heavily armed and dangerous places in the world. Despite its deteriorating economy, North Korea retains a standing army of over one million men and an eno…

March 26, 1999

Afghanistan
Testimony on the Situation in Afghanistan Before the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations

Recent Events and Political Actors in AfghanistanFor policy recommendations, see text of oral testimony1. INTRODUCTION: SUMMARY OVERVIEW1On August 8, 1998, the Taliban (Islamic student) movement of A…

April 1, 1999

Europe and Eurasia
U.S. Policy Toward Northeastern Europe

During the Cold War Northeastern Europe was a strategic backwater and received relatively little attention in U.S. policy. However, since the end of the Cold War, the region has become an important f…

October 27, 1999

Defense and Security
Nonlethal Technologies

The U.S. approach to international conflict in the post–Cold War period—how we think about them and what actions we take—is enormously affected by America’s capabilities to quell conflicts by diploma…

March 24, 2000

Colombia
First Steps Toward a Constructive U.S. Policy in Colombia

Introduction and Executive Summary In November 1999, the Council on Foreign Relations and Inter-American Dialogue established an independent task force to review and offer recommendations on U.S. …