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October 5, 2021

International Organizations
The Role of the UN Secretary-General

The United Nations’ top leadership position has broad authority to steer the organization’s agenda, but its impact has varied widely since 1946.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres sits for a photograph at the UN headquarters in Manhattan.

October 5, 2021

Peacekeeping
The Role of Peacekeeping in Africa

Africa continues to have more peacekeeping missions than any other continent. As conflict-stricken countries increasingly look outside the United Nations for support, experts say reforms are necessar…

Uruguayan peacekeepers in blue helmets and military gear look out atop a vehicle during a patrol in northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo.

January 11, 2017

Terrorism and Counterterrorism
Colombia’s Civil Conflict

The Colombian government and FARC rebels have signed a historic peace agreement that charts a path to sustainable peace after decades of civil war.

A supporter rallying for a peace agreement between the Colombian government and FARC stands under a banner reading "for peace" during a march in Bogota.

April 28, 2017

Syrian Civil War
Who’s Who in Syria’s Civil War

Syria’s civil war is being fought on multiple fronts by an array of combatants whose alliances, capabilities, and in some cases motives have been in flux.

Rebel fighters train in western Deraa governorate.

September 28, 2021

United Nations
The Role of the UN General Assembly

The UN General Assembly hosts a much-watched debate of world leaders each year but has struggled to make its work more substantive. After an unprecedented all-virtual assembly in 2020, this year’s me…

A wide shot of the UN General Assembly Chamber as President Biden speaks.

August 25, 2008

Pakistan
Pakistan’s Institutions and Civil Society

A look into Pakistan’s institutions, civil society, and the various players less known.

December 1, 2006

Iraq
The Implications of ‘Civil War’ in Iraq

It is unclear if classifying the conflict in Iraq as a civil war will have serious ramifications for U.S. military strategy there or, for that matter, U.S. domestic politics.

November 17, 2008

Spain
Basque Fatherland and Liberty (ETA) (Spain, separatists, Euskadi ta Askatasuna)

A profile of ETA, a terrorist separatist group operating in the Basque regions of Spain and France.

September 16, 2005

Wars and Conflict
IRAQ: Is there Civil War in Iraq?

This publication is now archived. IntroductionBack in July, John Burns of the New York Times posed a provocative question: If there’s civil war in Iraq, how will we know it? The answer may be unclear…

July 16, 2007

Civil Society
Iranian Civil Society and the Role of U.S. Foreign Policy

The arrests of four Iranian-Americans have created a chill among those in Iran working to open up civil society and led to disagreements over U.S. support for those efforts.