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November 9, 2015

Asia
Southern Asia’s Nuclear Powers

China, India, and Pakistan have relatively small but growing nuclear arms programs. This nuclear competition is raising concern because of long-simmering tensions and a lack of efforts at minimizing …

A surface-to-surface missile is launched off the eastern Indian state of Odisha, September 15, 2013.

September 23, 2015

Global
Sustainable Development Goals

The UN’s sweeping new development agenda aims to “provide the overarching narrative” of sustainable growth for the next fifteen years, yet critics say the Sustainable Development goals are broad, unf…

Afghan Girls School

August 12, 2015

Global
Global Efforts to Eradicate Polio

Though polio had nearly been eradicated, the virus is on the rise amid an increase in violence against vaccine workers in conflict zones.

A health worker administers drops of polio vaccine to children in an outskirt of the Yemeni capital Sana'a.

June 30, 2015

Public Health Threats and Pandemics
Avian Influenza

A recent avian flu outbreak in the United States has forced agriculture officials to destroy tens of millions of birds and has cost hundreds of millions of dollars. These are the public health and fo…

Chickens are seen in a truck at a poultry market in Mumbai, India.

May 15, 2015

Peacekeeping
Peace Operations in Africa

More multinational peacekeeping forces are deployed in Africa than ever before. To be effective, operations must address questions about division of labor, funding, and capacity constraints.

A Nigerian peacekeeping soldier from the United Nations-African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) patrols in a camp for internally displaced persons in Nyla, southern Darfur.

April 24, 2015

Nicaragua
Nicaragua’s Grand Canal

Nicaragua’s proposed Grand Canal would be one of the world’s largest engineering projects. Its proponents say it could transform the country’s economy, while critics say it could be an environmental …

A fisherman casts a fishing net at Lake Cocibolca in Rivas, Nicaragua.

March 13, 2014

Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament
Sarin

Sarin, one of the world’s most lethal chemical weapons, has long been stockpiled but is rarely used by states or terrorists. Allegations of attacks on civilians in Syria, if substantiated, would repr…

German researchers inspect a dummy sample contaminated with a substance similar to sarin

December 18, 2013

Intelligence
U.S. Domestic Surveillance

Successive U.S. administrations have sought to justify controversial domestic surveillance programs amid criticism from Congress and rights activists, explains this Backgrounder.

December 11, 2013

Egypt
Security in Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula

The Sinai Peninsula has in recent years become a haven for transnational crime and Islamist militancy, posing new security challenges to Egypt and Israel.

November 18, 2013

Pakistan
Pakistan’s New Generation of Terrorists

Pakistan has emerged as a sanctuary for some of the world’s most violent groups, including al-Qaeda, the Taliban, and homegrown militants, that threaten the stability of Pakistan as well as the regio…

A paramilitary soldier stands guard after a suicide bomber blew himself up near a Peshawar police station.