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September 10, 2019

Climate Change
Impact of Climate Risk on the Energy System

Climate change poses risks to energy security, financial markets, and national security. Energy companies and local, state, and federal governments need to better prepare to face these challenges.

Impact of Climate Risk on the Energy System by Amy Myers Jaffe et al.

June 14, 2019

Energy and Environment
Climate Risk Impacts on the Energy System

Insights from a CFR workshop examining the financial, regulatory, security, and technological dimensions of climate risks to the U.S. energy system.

Hurricane Harvey off the coast of Texas as seen from the International Space Station, on August 25, 2017.

June 14, 2010

Energy and Climate Policy
Energy Security

Overview What is energy security? On April 12–13, the Council on Foreign Relations convened academics, policymakers, and industry experts to assess the security implications of the way the world p…

Energy Security header

May 17, 2021

U.S. Foreign Policy
Major Power Rivalry in Africa

Major power rivalry on the African continent cannot be ignored, but it should not dominate U.S.-Africa relations. The United States should pursue close, strategic partnerships with African states.

A black and white photo of rooftops and a tower in the distance over a white block with title and author.

March 8, 2019

Energy and Environment
The Tech-Enabled Energy Future

A new wave of energy innovation is remaking the transportation, electricity, and manufacturing sectors. This revolution is already creating uncertainty about the future energy landscape, lessening common interests between oil producing nations and the world’s largest economies.

NuTonomy’s driverless car, the first to launch in Boston, takes a spin around Drydock Avenue in South Boston, on January 4, 2017.

May 4, 2021

Technology and Innovation
Open Access Fiber to Improve U.S. Internet Connectivity

To avoid falling behind the rest of the world on internet speed and access, the United States should rapidly deploy fiber-optic internet nationwide. 

Close-up of Joe Biden in a blue suit and blue tie, speaking and gesturing with his right hand, in front of several U.S. flags

April 29, 2021

Competitiveness
The Future of Strategic Arms Control

To manage the increasingly stark geopolitical power shifts of the past decade-plus, the United States should pursue arms control strategies that regulate rivalry and introduce a broader array of reci…

A Russian naval ensign flies atop the K-18 Karelia nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine during a training in the Barents Sea on April 26, 2018.

April 21, 2021

Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament
Reinventing Nuclear Disarmament and Nonproliferation as Cooperative Endeavors

Differences between nuclear and nonnuclear weapons states could seriously weaken the nuclear regime. Recasting disarmament as a common endeavor that addresses each country’s legitimate interests and …

An inflatable nuclear missile balloon stands at the ready before a protest held by the group Global Zero in McPherson Square in Washington, DC.

February 23, 2021

Space
The Outer Space Treaty

Outer space is growing more crowded and contested. Rajeswari Pillai Rajagopalan recommends regulating activities that disrupt, deny, or destroy space systems to ensure outer space is available to all…

A satellite with three extended solar panels passes over a cloudy ocean while orbiting Earth.

April 7, 2021

China
Major Power Rivalry in East Asia

In an era of intensifying U.S.-China friction and volatility, the risks of conflict are real and growing in East Asia, and U.S. policymakers should revitalize existing tools and build new ones to manage an increasingly militarized competition.

The Pudong district is reflected in the waterfront in Shanghai, China.