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August 14, 2019

Eurozone
The Role of the European Central Bank

As Europe has weathered a succession of economic crises, the European Central Bank has responded with an aggressive set of monetary policies that have redefined the bank’s original mandate.

Workers repair the euro sign in front of ECB headquarters

February 6, 2013

Europe
Germany’s Central Bank and the Eurozone

Germany’s Bundesbank remains an influential actor in eurozone policymaking, and its recent disagreements with the ECB raise concerns about managing the zone’s debt crisis. This Backgrounder explains.

June 27, 2019

European Union
How Does the European Union Work?

The EU’s authority has steadily expanded as its members have passed more and more decision-making power to the union. How do its institutions work?

Members of the European Parliament during a voting session.

April 9, 2019

International Organizations
The World Bank Group’s Role in Global Development

Since its founding in 1944, the World Bank has evolved from a lender focused on European reconstruction to the preeminent international institution for economic development and poverty reduction.

KM Asad/NurPhoto via Getty Images

September 17, 2019

Public Health Threats and Pandemics
The U.S. Opioid Epidemic

Opioid addiction in the United States has reached epidemic proportions, threatening not only public health but economic output and national security.

A man uses heroin under a bridge where he lives with other addicts in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

September 10, 2019

United States
Space Exploration and U.S. Competitiveness

U.S. space exploration inspired a generation of students and innovators, but NASA’s role has diminished, and the number of global space competitors is growing.

Space Launch

August 27, 2019

United States
The National Debt Dilemma

With the U.S. national debt already exceeding $16 trillion, President Trump’s tax reform and budget deals with Congress have added to the country’s deficits. CFR explores the origins of the national debt, the risks it presents, and the outlook for change.

US-Debt-BGR-Header-2-1160x630.jpg

August 26, 2019

International Organizations
The Role of the UN Secretary-General

The United Nations’ top leadership position has broad authority to steer the organization’s agenda, but its impact has varied widely since 1946.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres adjusts his tie.

August 20, 2019

International Organizations
The G7 and the Future of Multilateralism

The Group of Seven serves as a forum to coordinate global policy, but the Trump administration has provoked questions about the group’s cohesion and relevance.

G7 leaders meet in Sicily

August 15, 2019

Political Movements
Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood

The Muslim Brotherhood, once Egypt’s largest opposition movement and a standard-bearer for Islamist groups around the world, has been once again driven underground as Abdel Fatah al-Sisi has consolid…

Supporters of ousted President Mohammed Morsi protest in Cairo.