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August 14, 2019

Eurozone
The Role of the European Central Bank

As Europe has weathered a succession of economic crises, the European Central Bank has responded with an aggressive set of monetary policies that have redefined the bank’s original mandate.

Workers repair the euro sign in front of ECB headquarters

June 27, 2019

European Union
How Does the European Union Work?

The EU’s authority has steadily expanded as its members have passed more and more decision-making power to the union. How do its institutions work?

Members of the European Parliament during a voting session.

February 6, 2013

Europe
Germany’s Central Bank and the Eurozone

Germany’s Bundesbank remains an influential actor in eurozone policymaking, and its recent disagreements with the ECB raise concerns about managing the zone’s debt crisis. This Backgrounder explains.

August 20, 2019

International Organizations
The G7 and the Future of Multilateralism

The Group of Seven serves as a forum to coordinate global policy, but the Trump administration has provoked questions about the group’s cohesion and relevance.

G7 leaders meet in Sicily

August 15, 2019

Political Movements
Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood

The Muslim Brotherhood, once Egypt’s largest opposition movement and a standard-bearer for Islamist groups around the world, has been once again driven underground as Abdel Fatah al-Sisi has consolid…

Supporters of ousted President Mohammed Morsi protest in Cairo.

August 12, 2019

Sanctions
What Are Economic Sanctions?

For many policymakers, economic sanctions have become the tool of choice to respond to major geopolitical challenges such as terrorism and conflict.

Economic-Sanctions.jpg

April 9, 2019

International Organizations
The World Bank Group’s Role in Global Development

Since its founding in 1944, the World Bank has evolved from a lender focused on European reconstruction to the preeminent international institution for economic development and poverty reduction.

KM Asad/NurPhoto via Getty Images

July 31, 2019

Iran Nuclear Agreement
What Is the Status of the Iran Nuclear Agreement?

The United States’ withdrawal from the arms control agreement has heightened tensions and left the remaining signatories scrambling to keep the deal alive.

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July 25, 2019

North Korea
North Korea’s Military Capabilities

Kim Jong-un has accelerated North Korea’s buildup of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction, while also modernizing its large conventional force.

Vehicles carry missiles during a military parade in Pyongyang.

July 25, 2019

United States
The U.S. Immigration Debate

Comprehensive immigration reform has eluded Congress for years, moving controversial policy decisions into the executive and judicial branches of government.

A U.S. Border Patrol agent keeps watch along the fence next to the U.S.-Mexican border in Calexico, California, February 2017.