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June 5, 2020

Conflict Prevention
Peace, Conflict, and COVID-19

The Center for Preventive Action has created this resource for those seeking information and analysis about the effects of COVID-19 on peace and conflict.

Three men wearing protective clothing and masks--two of whom have guns--stand guard in front of cars parked in the middle of a debris-ridden street during a twenty-four hour curfew in Sanaa, Yemen, on May 6, 2020.

June 1, 2020

Public Health Threats and Pandemics
COVID-19 and Climate Change Will Change the Definition of National Security

The scope of national security is expanding beyond violent threats to encompass a broader array of dangers.

U.S. military personnel wearing face masks arrive at the Jacob K. Javits Convention Center in New York.

June 1, 2020

World Health Organization (WHO)
What Does the World Health Organization Do?

Since its postwar founding, the UN agency has garnered both praise and criticism for its response to international public health crises, including a new coronavirus pandemic in 2020.

A medical worker wears a white protective suit, eye goggles, and a face mask while taking a person's temperature in China.

May 15, 2020

Malawi
Averting a COVID-19 Disaster in Malawi and Building Back Better

One of the poorest countries in Africa, Malawi is vulnerable to the COVID-19 pandemic. It has a high population density, many have underlying health conditions, and a weak a public health system. The pandemic will also exacerbate Malawi's food insecurity.

A woman bends over as she plants sweet potatoes in rows in a small plot of cleared dirt. About half the patch as been planted so far. In the distance are green fields dotted with small trees with mostly round crowns. The sky is blue with white, puffy clouds. The horizon curves.

May 7, 2020

Sub-Saharan Africa
A Conversation With Maina Kiai on Local Empowerment and the Evolving Human Rights Landscape

CFR Senior Fellow for Africa Michelle Gavin interviews founding leader of the Alliances and Partnerships Program at Human Rights Watch Maina Kiai.

People move a cart, after the government announced a lockdown of Nairobi's storied Eastleigh district and the Old Town of Mombasa for two weeks following a jump in confirmed coronavirus disease (COVID-19) cases there, Nairobi, Kenya May 7, 2020

May 7, 2020

Human Rights
A Conversation With Maina Kiai on Local Empowerment and the Evolving Human Rights Landscape

CFR Senior Fellow for Africa Michelle Gavin interviews founding leader of the Alliances and Partnerships Program at Human Rights Watch Maina Kiai.

People in Nairobi, Kenya, move a cart after the government announced a lockdown on May 7, 2020.

April 20, 2020

Financial Markets
OPEC Plus’ Zero-Sum Oil Game

Prior to the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003, international sanctions had severely curtailed Iraq’s oil industry. Oil production sat at 1.4 million barrels a day (b/d). Iraq’s beleaguered refining indu…

The Suezmax sized oil tanker Karvounis lies at anchor south of Port Fourchon, Louisiana, U.S.

April 16, 2020

Cybersecurity
The Cyberspace Solarium Commission on Norms

Task force three of the Cyberspace Solarium Commission focused on using norms and non-military tools of state power to secure cyberspace. During their research, they observed different interpretation…

Senator Angus King (I-ME) returns to the Senate Chamber.

April 15, 2020

Coronavirus
Coronavirus in South Asia, April 15, 2020: India, Pakistan, and Others Extend Lockdowns; Surge in Bangladesh

As Modi, Khan, Hasina, and other leaders tackle COVID-19 (coronavirus) by prolonging national shutdowns, economic forecasts indicate a rocky year ahead for South Asia.

Two columns of soldiers in blue uniforms patrol a street, with an officer in a beige uniform walking between them.

April 10, 2020

Nigeria
Case Not Quite Closed on the Assassination of Nigerian Salafi Scholar Shaikh Jaafar Adam

While at prayer on April 13, 2007, the prominent Salafi scholar, Shaikh Jaafar Mahmud Adam, was assassinated at his mosque in Kano. At the time, the murder made a deep impression on mainstream Muslims, many of whom revered Adam. The murder took place in the final days before the 2007 presidential elections, and many observers, including those at the U.S. embassy, thought that the murder was somehow related. But it now seems more likely that Adam was assassinated by a vengeful former member of the Nigerian Taliban. His murder was an early manifestation of the deadly battles among Boko Haram’s competing factions that continue up to the present.

A man cycles past the Al Ansar mosque in Maiduguri. Four red and white minarets are visible around a green dome topped with gold. Person-sized arches line the one-story building around the dome and minarets.