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August 14, 2019

China
U.S. Dependence on Pharmaceutical Products From China

Last month, the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission held a hearing on the United States’ growing reliance on China's pharmaceutical products. The topic reminded me of a spirited discus…

A technician works at a product line of the Inactivated H1N1 Influenza Vaccine in Sinovac Biotech Ltd., a Chinese vaccine making company, in Beijing, September 3, 2009.

October 17, 2019

Nigeria
Buhari Orders Land Borders Closed in Long-Running Effort to Boost Rice Production

In August, President Muhammadu Buhari ordered closed Nigeria’s land border with Benin, preventing the import of goods. The move significantly affected trade in foodstuffs. It is part of an effort to tackle smuggling and associated corruption, but also, apparently, to spur the domestic agricultural industry. On October 14, Nigeria ordered closed all of Nigeria’s borders with Benin, as well as those with all other countries, for the same reasons.

A farmer works with rice sprouts on a farm

January 11, 2018

China
China Is Heaping Debt on Its Least Productive Companies

When Chinese President Xi Jinping failed to mention the word “deleveraging” in his long-awaited new economic blueprint in December it was clear that the political tug of war between the advocates…

China Is Heaping Debt on Its Least Productive Companies

July 26, 2018

NAFTA
Oil Production Has Moved North, and Auto Production South

Both Mexico and the U.S. are in a sense adjusting to (mild) oil shocks ...

Oil Production Has Moved North, and Auto Production South

April 10, 2014

China
Hunter Gross: Despite Cyber Espionage, U.S.-China Relations Are Business as Usual

Hunter Gross is an intern for Asia Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations. Just as U.S. president Barack Obama and Chinese president Xi Jinping were set to meet in The Hague, documents leaked b…

U.S. Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel (L) shakes hands with Chinese Minister of Defense Chang Wanquan at the end of a joint news conference at the Chinese Defense Ministry headquarters in Beijing on April 8, 2014. (Alex Wong/Courtesy Reuters)

August 26, 2015

Automation, Productivity, and Growth

It seems obvious that if a business invests in automation, its workforce – though possibly reduced – will be more productive. So why do the statistics tell a different story? In advanced economies, …

Automated robots work on a 3500 Duramax engine as it moves along the assembly line at the Ford Lima Engine Plant in Lima, Ohio (Aaron Josefczyk/Reuters).

November 21, 2019

Russia
Disinformation Colonialism and African Internet Policy

Russia’s recent disinformation campaign in African countries highlights the challenges that African states face in crafting internet policy that is responsive to both external threats and internal po…

A street vendor walks past a bar called "Facebook" in Yaounde, Cameroon October 2, 2018.

November 19, 2019

Cybersecurity
New Entries in the CFR Cyber Operations Tracker: Q3 2019

An update of the Council on Foreign Relations' Cyber Operations Tracker for the period between July and September 2019.

Cyber Operations Tracker

November 19, 2019

Burkina Faso
The Roots of Burkina Faso’s Crisis

Burkina Faso is in trouble. The shocking ambush of a Canadian mining company’s convoy earlier this month was part of a relentless series of deadly attacks perpetrated both by terrorist organizations and by domestic criminal groups that have claimed hundreds of lives, forced nearly half a million people from their homes, and gravely shaken domestic and international confidence in the country’s security services.

A pro-democracy protester holds up a Burkina Faso flag at Place de la Nation in Ouagadougou, capital of Burkina Faso, November 2, 2014

November 15, 2019

Sri Lanka
Human Rights and the Sri Lankan Election

Sri Lanka will hold its presidential election on November 16. In the decade since the end of its long-running internal conflict, lack of progress on human rights, reconciliation, and accountability h…

Woman in crowd holding candle