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August 14, 2019

Eurozone
The Role of the European Central Bank

As Europe has weathered a succession of economic crises, the European Central Bank has responded with an aggressive set of monetary policies that have redefined the bank’s original mandate.

Workers repair the euro sign in front of ECB headquarters

August 13, 2019

Nigeria
Making Military Reform and Civilian Oversight a Reality in Nigeria

Nigeria returned to democracy in 1999, after two long periods of military rule—1966–79 and 1983–98—during which the military wielded executive, legislative, and judicial power. This has left a historical legacy of a powerful military used to doing whatever it wants with no questions asked. On return to democracy, it also left the country with a political class that is wary of military power, and unwilling and unable to impose democratic civilian oversight of the military. 

Three Nigerian soldiers stand in front of a thatch hut and a tank in full fear.

August 12, 2019

China
Trump’s Trade War Puts “Belt and Road First”

When he began slapping tariffs on Chinese exports last summer, President Trump said his actions would bring down America’s trade deficit. China, however, has retaliated by pressuring its firms to…

Trump’s Trade War Puts “Belt and Road First”

August 12, 2019

Sanctions
What Are Economic Sanctions?

For many policymakers, economic sanctions have become the tool of choice to respond to major geopolitical challenges such as terrorism and conflict.

Economic-Sanctions.jpg

August 11, 2019

Elections and Voting
Beto O’Rourke

CFR invited the Democratic candidates to articulate their positions on twelve critical foreign policy issues before the second set of presidential debates. The questionnaire was sent to all candidate…

Beto O’Rourke

August 8, 2019

United States
Election 2020: Tim Ryan, Democratic Presidential Candidate

Niles, Ohio is one of the few places in the United States that can say it is the birthplace of a president. America’s twenty-fifth president, William McKinley, was born and raised in the town, which …

Tim Ryan

August 8, 2019

China
Is China Manipulating Its Currency?

The Trump administration has declared China a currency manipulator, but what that means for the ongoing trade war is far from clear.

August 7, 2019

Women and Economic Growth
Investing in Girls’ STEM Education in Developing Countries

The education gender gap costs the world between $15 trillion and $30 trillion in human capital. U.S. aid programs need to equip girls and women to participate in the modern digital economy.

Students at a government school work on individual laptops, in Ahmedabad, India, on July 26, 2018.

August 6, 2019

Cybersecurity
Terrorism, Social Media, and the El Paso Tragedy

The El Paso tragedy underscores the need to take stock, again, of strategies for addressing how terrorist and extremist groups exploit the internet to spread hate and incite violence.

Mourners take part in a vigil at El Paso High School after a mass shooting at a Walmart store in El Paso, Texas, U.S. August 3, 2019.

August 6, 2019

United States
“Mini Mac” Shows China’s Currency Shifting Into Undervaluation

The “law of one price” holds that identical goods should trade for the same price in an efficient market. But how well does it actually hold internationally? The Economist magazine’s Big Mac Index us…