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January 14, 2020

World Trade Organization (WTO)
A Reset of the World Trade Organization's Appellate Body

The Trump administration has destroyed the World Trade Organization’s Appellate Body, much to the dismay of those needing the certainty of a rules-based trading system. Three reforms could get it bac…

The WTO sign on a building against a stormy sky

February 3, 2011

Monetary Policy
Managing the World's Dollar Dependency

Introduction The global financial crisis has exposed a weakness in the international monetary (non-)system. Desired levels of currency reserves in emerging markets have jumped over the past decade…

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May 14, 2012

Pharmaceuticals and Vaccines
Ensuring the Safety and Integrity of the World’s Drug, Vaccine, and Medicines Supply

The world is facing two immediate health crises concerning drugs and vaccines: affordable and reliable access to life-sparing medicines and the safety and reliability of those medicines. Regulation a…

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August 7, 2019

Women and Economic Growth
Investing in Girls’ STEM Education in Developing Countries

The education gender gap costs the world between $15 trillion and $30 trillion in human capital. U.S. aid programs need to equip girls and women to participate in the modern digital economy.

Students at a government school work on individual laptops, in Ahmedabad, India, on July 26, 2018.

September 26, 2018

Peacekeeping
Increasing Female Participation in Peacekeeping Operations

Women are routinely underrepresented in peacekeeping operations, even though their participation has been shown to improve mission effectiveness and advance stability. The U.S. government should support a UN premium for police- and troop-contributing countries to increase the training and deployment of female peacekeepers.

WFP PIM peacekeeping

April 9, 2015

Afghanistan
Why the United States Should Work With India to Stabilize Afghanistan

The international military presence in Afghanistan has shrunk dramatically, and even with a slower pace of troop withdrawal, the country's security situation has already worsened. Iraq's chaos provid…

ghanimodi_lrg_1.jpg

July 11, 2016

Gender
Closing the Gender Gap in Development Financing

A substantial body of evidence confirms that investment in women and girls yields high returns for poverty eradication, economic growth, and sustainable development. However, international and nation…

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December 9, 2013

Development
Banking on Growth: U.S. Support for Small and Medium Enterprises in Least-Developed Countries

The United States has made economic development a central tenet of its national security policy, alongside defense and diplomacy. One of the best and most cost-effective avenues for furthering econom…

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February 24, 2014

Iran
How to Promote Human Rights in Iran

CFR Senior Fellow Ray Takeyh argues that it is necessary for the United States to emphasize human rights issues during discussions of a nuclear agreement with Iran.

How to Promote Human Rights in Iran header

October 2, 2012

Rule of Law
A Global Trust for Rule of Law

The rule of law is critical for people to have a meaningful opportunity to thrive. Still, for billions of people around the world today, the rule of law exists on paper but not in practice. Even thou…

A Global Trust for Rule of Law header