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June 21, 2019

Iran
Iran and Beyond: Interstate Conflict Grows More Palpable

As tensions between the United States and Iran increase, questions of conflict prevention and response loom large. 

An undated U.S. Air Force handout photo shows a RQ-4 Global Hawk unmanned aircraft in mid-air.

June 19, 2019

Iran
Iran, the Strait of Hormuz, and Hard Power

I woke up this morning thinking I would write a blog explaining just how challenging it would be for Iran to close the Strait of Hormuz for a prolonged period of time. This is not to say that there c…

Explosions that damaged two tankers south of the Strait of Hormuz on June 13, 2019 come a month after four vessels were targeted in "sabotage attacks" off the coast of the United Arab Emirates.

July 3, 2019

Iran
Iran, the Strait of Hormuz, and the Ever-Complex Geopolitics of Oil

In a sign that anxiety about oil security of supply isn’t what it used to be, the Group of Twenty (G20) meeting broke up this week with no big joint statements regarding how to protect the freedom of…

Iran's Oil Minister Bijan Zanganeh reacts towards journalists as he arrives for an OPEC and NON-OPEC meeting in Vienna, Austria, July 2, 2019.

May 2, 2019

Iran
What Effects Will Tighter U.S. Sanctions on Iran’s Oil Have?

With significant risks now looming over global energy markets, the United States should be careful in evaluating any future oil sanctions, Amy Myers Jaffe writes in the following Q & A which first ap…

A gas flare on an oil production platform in the Soroush oil fields is seen alongside an Iranian flag in the Persian Gulf, Iran, July 25, 2005.

August 24, 2009

Monetary Policy
Iran

This chart plots oil prices against Iran’s estimated import bill “break-even” oil price — the price below which Iran either had, or would have had, to find sources of hard currency other than oil e…

2009.8.10.OilImportBillBreakeven3.0

August 20, 2019

Nigeria
Nigerian Shia Leader Zakzaky Alleges U.S. Involvement in Treatment in India

On August 13, Ibrahim el-Zakzaky arrived in India to receive medical treatment. Three days later, he returned to Nigeria having refused medical treatment. Upon his return, he was placed under arrest. He found his treatment in New Delhi to be unsatisfactory and objected to the tight security arrangements that had been put in place. He and some of his followers are claiming that the United States was behind his perceived poor treatment in India.

Protesters hold a sign that says "Free Zakzaky" and has images of the Nigerian Shia leader.

August 20, 2019

Energy and Climate Policy
Electricity as Coercion: Is There a Risk of Strategic Denial of Service?

This guest post is co-authored by Joshua Busby, associate professor of public affairs at the Robert S. Strauss Center for International Security and Law at the LBJ School at the University of Texas a…

Electricity pylons are seen in London, Britain August 1, 2017.

August 19, 2019

United States
Election 2020: Pete Buttigieg, Democratic Presidential Candidate

Fact can be more interesting than fiction. In 2000, a high school senior won the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library’s annual Profiles in Courage essay contest by extolling the virtues of the countr…

Pete Buttigieg

August 16, 2019

Afghanistan
Afghanistan Endgame, Part Two: How Does This War End?

Should the Haqqani network manage a collapse of the Afghan government, Pakistan threatens to make winning the next war more difficult than previous ones.

u.s. united states troops afghanistan haqqani network taliban

August 15, 2019

Nigeria
The Zakzaky Saga Continues in India, as Sheikh Seeks Medical Treatment

In August, the ailing Sheikh Ibrahim el-Zakzaky and his wife, who have been in government custody since 2015, was allowed to receive medical attention abroad. He touched down in Delhi on August 13, though his visit has been mired in controversy. 

A protester holds a banner that reads, "Zakzaky needs urgent medical attention!"