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June 16, 2017

Middle East and North Africa
Modern Sunni-Shia Tensions

Iran’s Islamic revolution, which brought Shias to power in 1979, and the Sunni backlash have fueled a competition for regional dominance. This timeline highlights Sunni-Shia tensions in recent decade…

October 16, 2019

Kurds
The Kurds’ Quest for Independence

The Kurds are one of the world’s largest peoples without a state, making up sizable minorities in Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey. Their century-old quest for independence is marked by marginalization …

August 4, 2020

Middle East and North Africa
U.S. Relations With Iran, 1953–2020

Onetime allies, the United States and Iran have seen tensions escalate repeatedly in the four decades since the Islamic Revolution.