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June 30, 2020

Syria
U.S. Retrenchment Will Intensify Crisis in Idlib

In order to prevent a humanitarian disaster in Syria and avoid regional instability, the United States should make the outcome of the fight for Idlib a national security concern and exercise the lead…

Two adults and two children walk by a destroyed building on which images of the novel coronavirus have been spray painted in Idlib, Syria.

June 25, 2020

Conflict Prevention
Peace, Conflict, and COVID-19

The Center for Preventive Action has created this resource for those seeking information and analysis about the effects of COVID-19 on peace and conflict.

Three men wearing protective clothing and masks--two of whom have guns--stand guard in front of cars parked in the middle of a debris-ridden street during a twenty-four hour curfew in Sanaa, Yemen, on May 6, 2020.

May 28, 2020

South Africa
President Ramaphosa Tries to Thread the Needle on COVID-19 in South Africa

Cyril Ramaphosa established an anti-virus regime: social distancing and a lockdown. And the virus "curve" indeed appeared to flatten. He gets good international press, but must deal with a restive and poor population.

South Africa President Cyril Ramaphosa, in a dark grey suit without a tie and a green facemask, sits on a made bed at a coronvirus treatment center. A hand gestures in the foreground and a man in a suit and tied with a mask flanks Ramaphosa.

May 27, 2020

South Africa
A Conversation With Judith February on Political Leadership and COVID-19 in South Africa

CFR Senior Fellow for Africa Studies Michelle Gavin interviews writer, lawyer, and governance expert Judith February.

Women carry bags of maize as people queue to receive food aid amid the spread of the novel coronavirus, near Pretoria, South Africa, on May 20, 2020.

May 27, 2020

South Africa
A Conversation With Judith February on Political Leadership and COVID-19 in South Africa

CFR Senior Fellow for Africa Studies Michelle Gavin interviews writer, lawyer, and governance expert Judith February.

Women carry bags of maize as people queue to receive food aid amid the spread of the novel coronavirus, near Pretoria, South Africa, on May 20, 2020.

April 20, 2020

Iran
Iran Unlikely to Negotiate With the United States in the Near-Term

Amir Asmar is a Department of Defense analyst and CFR’s national intelligence fellow. Throughout his intelligence career, his primary area of focus has been the Middle East. He held a wide range of a…

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani speaks at a cabinet meeting in Tehran, Iran, on April 8.

May 12, 2020

Chad
After Lake Chad Offensive, April One of Deadliest Months in Boko Haram Conflict

April is now one of the deadliest months in nearly a decade of the Boko Haram conflict, according to data from the Nigeria Security Tracker, which now features geographic data from Niger, Chad, and Cameroon.

A Chadian soldier shields his face from dust kicked up by a helicopter in the recently retaken town of Damasak, Nigeria, March 18, 2015.

May 1, 2020

South Africa
Amid COVID-19 Pandemic in South Africa, Zuma One Step Closer to Justice

Easy to overlook among the COVID-19 headlines is a positive development involving the prosecution of former President Jacob Zuma.

Former South African President Jacob Zuma appears in court where he faces charges that include fraud, racketeering and money laundering in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa, on October 15, 2019.

April 10, 2020

Nigeria
Case Not Quite Closed on the Assassination of Nigerian Salafi Scholar Shaikh Jaafar Adam

While at prayer on April 13, 2007, the prominent Salafi scholar, Shaikh Jaafar Mahmud Adam, was assassinated at his mosque in Kano. At the time, the murder made a deep impression on mainstream Muslims, many of whom revered Adam. The murder took place in the final days before the 2007 presidential elections, and many observers, including those at the U.S. embassy, thought that the murder was somehow related. But it now seems more likely that Adam was assassinated by a vengeful former member of the Nigerian Taliban. His murder was an early manifestation of the deadly battles among Boko Haram’s competing factions that continue up to the present.

A man cycles past the Al Ansar mosque in Maiduguri. Four red and white minarets are visible around a green dome topped with gold. Person-sized arches line the one-story building around the dome and minarets.

April 7, 2020

South Africa
President Ramaphosa Leads Strong Response to COVID-19 in South Africa

On March 27, President Cyril Ramaphosa and Health Minister Zweli Mkhize imposed on South Africa one of the strictest lockdowns outside of China to stop the spread of the coronavirus. Among the prohibited activities: dog-walking, jogging, the sale of alcohol, and leaving a place of residence (except for emergencies). At the time restrictions were put in place, South Africa had around 1,000 cases and had just recorded its first deaths. 

South African President Cyril Ramaphosa, dressed in military fatigues, stands before a podium with many microphones and gestures as he addresses members of the South African Defense Force before their deployment ahead of a nationwide lockdown for three weeks to try to contain the coronavirus disease outbreak, in Johannesburg, March 26, 2020.