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March 23, 2021

Terrorism and Counterterrorism
Multiple Jihadi Insurgencies, Cooperating With Bandits, Appear to be Converging in the Sahel

On March 17, around one hundred assailants, traveling on motorcycles and pickup trucks, killed thirty-three soldiers and wounded an additional fourteen in an attack near Tessit in central Mali. Mali. MINUSMA assisted the evacuation of the dead and wounded

A UN peacekeeper wearing a blue helmet jumps from a red truck while a fire burns behind him.

April 1, 2021

Tanzania
Interview: Tundu Lissu on Tanzanian President Samia Suluhu Hassan and the Role of the West in Democratization

Tundu Lissu, in an interview, comments on expectations for President Samia Suluhu Hassan, a Zanzibar native who was sworn in following former President John Magufuli’s death as Tanzania’s sixth—and first female—president.

Tanzanian President Samia Suluhu Hassan inspects a guard of honor after being sworn in as president.

March 30, 2021

Tanzania
Interview: Tundu Lissu Discusses the Need for Constitutional Reform in Tanzania

Tundu Lissu, a member of the opposition Chama cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo (CHADEMA), has spent his political career, which includes a ten-year stint in parliament, fighting for a more accountable polity in sub-Saharan Africa's fourth most populous country

Tanzanian opposition leader Tundu Lissu prepares to board a helicopter.

March 18, 2021

Heads of State and Government
John Magufuli, Tanzania’s COVID-Denying President, Dies

Vice President Samia Suluhu, announcing President John Magufuli’s death yesterday, said the president died from a heart condition, and that he had been treated at two different hospitals in Dar es Salaam.

A copy of the Tanzanian newspaper "The Citizen," with the headline "Nation mourns," shows a picture of recently deceased President John Magufuli after his death was announced yesterday. In the bottom left, a picture of soon-to-be-president Samia Suluhu.

March 11, 2021

Heads of State and Government
Tanzanian President Magufuli’s Veneer of Omniscience in Critical Condition

A story published yesterday in Kenyan newspaper the Nation suggests—though does not confirm—that Tanzanian President John Magufuli was flown into Kenya and admitted to a hospital in Nairobi to receive treatment for COVID-19.

Tanzanian President John Magufuli, standing at a red podium with his country's coat of arms, gives a speech after re-election. He is flanked by a soldier in a red uniform and one other official wearing professional dress.

March 4, 2021

Territorial Disputes
Diplomatic Dithering Over Western Sahara Bodes Ill for Other African Disputes

On December 10, 2020, then President Donald Trump tweeted that because “Morocco recognized the United States in 1777,” the U.S. should return the favor by recognizing “[Moroccan] sovereignty over the Western Sahara.”

Then-U.S. Secretary of State James Baker, clutching a baseball cap, arrives in the Western Sahara in an attempt to broker a peace between the Polisario Front and Morocco over the disputed Western Sahara.

February 23, 2021

Coronavirus
Tanzania’s COVID Denialism Harms its Economic Future

Beyond the immediate, detrimental effects for Tanzanians’ health, President John Magufuli’s aggressive COVID denialism is likely to dent the country’s economic prospects.

Two women in Tanzania are seen wearing gloves, masks, and facial shields to protect against COVID-19. Both are also wearing colorful, patterned clothing.

February 12, 2021

Transnational Crime
Nigeria's Enduring "Gold Wars"

Conflicts in northwest Nigeria over access to minerals—especially gold—are heating up. Illicit mining also causes environmental damage, thus exacerbating land and water shortages that cause further conflict.

A man standing in a small pool of water is using a plastic sheet with holes to filter gold dust.

February 8, 2021

Nigeria
Security Deteriorating in Nigeria’s Former “Biafra”

Fighting between government forces and Igbo separatists risks adding another challenge for the Buhari administration. The emergence of an Igbo paramilitary force highlights the growing breakdown of any federal government monopoly on the use of force.

A concrete wall with barbed wire on top and bullet holes is pictured. IPOB, shorthand for the Indigenous People of Biafra, is written above a flag of the Republic of Biafra, a short-lived breakaway state in Nigeria. The flag has three horizontal bars--red, black, and green, from top to bottom--with a half-risen, yellow sun in the middle, black band.

January 20, 2021

Tanzania
Parting of Ways: Secretary Pompeo Announces Sanctions on Tanzania

On January 19, U.S. Secretary of State Michael Pompeo—on his last full day in the position—announced visa restrictions on “Tanzanian officials responsible for or complicit in undermining” the general elections held in late October last year.

Tanzanian President John Magufuli and his predecessor, Jakaya Kikwete, can be seen speaking to one another ahead of a speech for the ruling party, the Chama cha Mapinduzi. Kikwete is holding a microphone while Magufuli leans back laughing.