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August 4, 2021

Tanzania
Arrests of Tanzanian Opposition Underline Need for Constitutional Reform

On July 21, Freeman Mbowe, chairman of Tanzania’s main opposition party, Chama cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo (the Party for Democracy and Progress, CHADEMA), and ten other party members were arrested in Mwanza, apparently for violating a ban on “unnecessary gatherings.” The ban, enacted the day prior, was officially billed as a measure to curb the spread of COVID-19. Yet its timing, coming just before a conference on discussing constitutional reform, and the charges levelled against Mbowe—the party leader is accused, without evidence, of funding terrorist activities aimed at assassinating government leaders—suggest the true intent is to suppress calls for much-needed constitutional reform.

Tanzanian President Samia Suluhu Hassan and former President Jakaya Kikwete stand side-by-side.

August 3, 2021

Nigeria
What’s Behind Growing Separatism in Nigeria?

The resurgence of separatism in Nigeria—a consequence of the federal government’s failure to provide security in the face of multiple threats—is stirring memories of the country’s deadly civil war.

A Nigerian soldier rides in a truck with a whistle in his mouth during a military patrol in a pro-Biafra zone in the southeastern city of Aba.

August 3, 2021

Nigeria
"Bandits" Shoot Down Alpha Jet as Nigerian Airpower Comes Under Scrutiny

On July 18, "bandits" shot down a Nigerian Air Force (NAF) fighter jet in northern Nigeria on the border between Zamfara and Katsina states. The pilot successfully ejected from the aircraft and avoided capture by the "bandits" using his "survival skills" until he reached an army installation. While NAF planes have crashed in the past—including earlier this year when a plane crash killed Chief of Army Staff General Ibrahim Attahiru—this is apparently the first time a jet has been brought down by enemy fire.

An Alpha Jet sits idle at an airport with missiles and munitions held under the wings.

August 2, 2021

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: July 24–30

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from July 24 to July 30, 2021.

Map of Nigeria shaded in red to reflect Nigeria Security Tracker-documented deaths per state. Borno state, the northeastern-most state, is dark red, while the rest of the country are shades of pink. Regions of Cameroon, Chad, and Niger that have experienced Boko Haram-related violence are also shaded.

July 30, 2021

U.S. Foreign Policy
TWE Remembers: The Fulbright Program

Seventy-five years ago, what would become the world’s foremost international educational exchange program got off to a bumpy start. 

Senator J. William Fulbright sits behind his desk holding papers and looking at the camera.

July 27, 2021

South Africa
South Africa’s Biovac Strikes Deal to Make COVID-19 Vaccine

A partnership between Pfizer and the Biovac Institute in Cape Town, South Africa will allow Biovac to manufacture the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine. Production will start early in 2022, with the goal of producing 100 million doses annually.

A South African flag is seen in front of a flag of Biovac, a South African public-private company. The top of barbed wiring can be seen at the bottom of the picture.

July 26, 2021

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: July 17–23

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from July 17 to July 23, 2021.

Map of Nigeria shaded in red to reflect Nigeria Security Tracker-documented deaths per state. Borno state, the northeastern-most state, is dark red, while the rest of the country are shades of pink. Regions of Cameroon, Chad, and Niger that have experienced Boko Haram-related violence are also shaded.

July 23, 2021

Oceans and Seas
Five Movies Worth Watching About Conflict at Sea

Every summer Friday, we suggest foreign-policy-themed movies worth watching. This week: films about stormy relationships and battles at sea.

Three movie posters in black frames. From left: Run Silent, Run Deep (two men in khaki uniforms above a sinking ship); Mister Roberts (four men in khaki uniforms look off the edge of a ship); Dunkirk (a young man looks out into a chaotic ocean).

July 22, 2021

Education
Higher Education Webinar: Campus Sustainability and Climate Change Mitigation

V.S. “Raghu” Raghavan, director of sustainability and associate director of the Miller Worley Center for the Environment at Mount Holyoke College, discusses actions campuses can take toward greater s…

Play Students at a fair club on university campus.

July 21, 2021

Nigeria
Jihadis Claim to be Uniting in Northeast Nigeria

Boko Haram, the jihadi insurrection associated with some 350,000 deaths since 2009 in northeast Nigeria, was characterized by factions—conflict among which was bloody—though at times they appear to have cooperated tactically. Now, the faction associated with the self-proclaimed Islamic State, the Islamic State in West Africa (ISWA), is claiming to have incorporated the followers of the rival faction led by Abubakar Shekau. (Weeks ago, Shekau died, apparently after committing suicide in a standoff with ISWA.)

A wall that has "Hate Evil" and "Boko Haram is Evil" scrawled on it.