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October 7, 2019

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: September 28–October 4

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from September 28 to October 4, 2019.

Map of Nigeria shaded to reflect NST-documented deaths per state.

October 4, 2019

Nigeria
The Legacy of Nigeria's 1999 Transition to Democracy

Commentators, especially outside Nigeria, saw the elections of 2015 as an important milestone for the country’s democratic development breaking the pattern of rigged elections. However, could it be that it was the elections of 2011 that really broke the pattern, and the elections of 2015 merely restored it? Were in fact the elections of 2015 much better than those before and after? Did the political classes determine that Jonathan had to go, in part because of the deteriorating economy and security situation, but also understanding that the 1998–9 bargain struck between the south and the north be restored? Will the bargain survive in 2023? 

Obasanjo walks past a cheering crowd in a white robe.

September 26, 2019

Benin
Confronting Africa's Role in the Slave Trade

Adaobi Tricia Nwaubani has written a sensitive essay, published in the Wall Street Journal, on the African role in the trans-Atlantic and trans-Saharan slave trade. She observes that the four-hundredth anniversary of the arrival of slaves in Virginia coincides with questions about guilt and responsibility and a debate in the United States about reparations to the descendants of slaves.

A gate stands open on the beach.

September 19, 2019

Nigeria
More Shiite Processions Met With Bloodshed in Nigeria

n September 10, members of the Islamic Movement of Nigeria (IMN), a Shia religious and political movement, marched in different cities across the north of Nigeria to mark the beginning of Ashura, a major Muslim holiday and fasting period. In doing so, they defied the government, which, in July, had banned the group. The IMN later claimed that fifteen of their members had been killed after police opened fire on the various IMN processions. The police denied the claim.

Protesters sit and hold posters that say "Buhari Free Zakzaky."

October 1, 2019

Nigeria
Hundreds of Men and Boys Rescued From Purported Almajiri in Nigeria

The Nigerian police recently rescued some three hundred men and boys, many of them chained, from a purported Islamic school in Kaduna, according to Reuters. Some of the victims said that their parents had brought them to the building thinking it was an Islamic school in the almajiri tradition, but there is apparently no indication that the building ever was, in fact, a school.

Boys and girls protest and look at the camera in Kaduna, Nigeria.

October 1, 2019

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker

The Council on Foreign Relations's Nigeria Security Tracker is an effort to catalog and map political violence based on a weekly survey of Nigerian and international press. The data presented includes violent incidents related to political, economic, and social grievances directed at the state or other affiliative groups (or conversely the state employing violence to respond to those incidents.)

September 30, 2019

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: September 21–27

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from September 21 to 27, 2019.

Map of Nigeria shaded to reflect NST-documented deaths per state.

September 27, 2019

Nigeria
U.S. Arrests Celebrated Nigerian Entrepreneur for Fraud

In August, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) indicted eighty people for what it described as “the largest case of online fraud in U.S. history.” Seventy-seven of them were Nigerian. Separately, also indicted for computer and wire fraud was Obinwanne Okeke. He is accused of defrauding a subsidiary of Caterpillar of $11 million.

A car is parked on the street that says "FBI Police" on it.

September 25, 2019

Nigeria
Drivers of Nigerian Kidnapping Morph From Politics to Poverty

The current wave of kidnapping is different from the politically-motivated and usually geographically-banded kidnapping of the past. It is now occurring all over the country. According to Voice of America, this wave of kidnapping is driven by economic hardship.

Filipino men sit and are guarded by masked militants carrying automatic weapons.

September 24, 2019

South Africa
South Africa Making Progress Against Rhino Poaching

Barbara Creecy, South Africa’s Minister of Environment, Forestry and Fisheries announced on World Rhino Day a substantial decline in the poaching of South Africa’s rhinos. In June 2019, 318 were poached, compared to 386 during the same period last year. South Africa has up to 80 percent of the global population of twenty thousand rhinoceroses.

A rhino faces the camera in tall grass and bush next to a dead tree.