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November 23, 2020

Mozambique
The Military-First Approach in Northern Mozambique is Bound to Fail

Nolan Quinn is a research associate for the Council on Foreign Relations’ Africa Program. On October 14, the Islamist insurgency focused in northern Mozambique spilled over into Tanzania, with an …

An image of burned out huts in Chitolo village in northern Mozambique, which was attacked as part of an Islamist insurgency active in the area.

November 19, 2020

Nigeria
Nigerian Security Forces and the Dangers of a Violence-First Approach

On October 20, 2020, Nigerians watched in horror on social media as men suspected to be members of the military opened fire on peaceful #EndSARS protesters—a movement responding to a litany of abuses by the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS).

A pair of military officers are seen walking towards a group of young men on the street in Nigeria. One man has both arms raised.

November 17, 2020

Transition 2021
Climate Change: The Biden Administration's Opportunity in Africa

Climate change is both one of the greatest threats to Africa and an area in which Biden administration policy is most likely to differ from President Trump's. Through his leadership on this issue, the president-elect has a chance to make a difference.

A parched landscape around the Lake Wegnia, in Sahel region of Koulikoro, Mali. A small tree and a few shrubs intersperse a mostly dirt landscape.

November 30, 2020

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: November 21-27

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from November 21 to November 27, 2020.

Map of Nigeria shaded in red to reflect Nigeria Security Tracker-documented deaths per state. Borno state, the northeastern-most state, is dark red, while the rest of the country are shades of pink. Regions of Cameroon, Chad, and Niger that have experienced Boko Haram-related violence are also shaded.

December 1, 2020

Nigeria
Nigerian Army at the Lekki Toll Gate

On the night of November 20, Nigerian army units attacked demonstrators calling for the abolition of the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS), an elite police unit known for its brutality. CNN has conducted an investigation of the Lekki episode.

A picture of the Lekki Toll Gate in Lagos, Nigeria, the site of a killing of peaceful protesters by the Nigerian military. The #EndsSARS hashtag is seen written in chalk on the ground in the foreground of the picture.

November 30, 2020

Transition 2021
Biden’s Environmental Agenda Must Go Beyond Climate Change

The cost of humanity’s assault on the planet is astronomical. Biden has a golden opportunity to help the world change its disastrous trajectory by elevating biodiversity conservation in U.S. foreign …

A Blue Jeans Dart Frog is seen at La Selva biological station in Sarapiqui, in this January 12, 2006 file picture.

October 26, 2020

Nigeria
Will the Lekki Toll Gate Atrocity Change Nigeria?

Nigeria’s governance system is oppressive, though it lacks an evocative name like apartheid. The tragic episodes of brutality by the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS), while dismaying, are not new occurrences.

A picture of the Lekki toll gate, with concrete road barriers in the foreground. Graffiti is sprayed on the barriers, with protest slogans such as #EndSARS and #EndSWAT.

November 24, 2020

Nigeria
Nigeria's Cultural Efflorescence

Two weeks ago, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, the Nigerian novelist celebrated for her Half a Yellow Sun, was awarded the Women's Prize for Fiction as the author of the best book to win the annual prize over the past twenty-five years.

A picture of Nigerian author Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie. She is smiling and wearing an orange jacket.

October 29, 2020

Democratic Republic of Congo
Why Cobalt Mining in the DRC Needs Urgent Attention

Cobalt is an essential mineral used for batteries in electric cars, computers, and cell phones. Demand for cobalt is increasing as more electric cars are sold, particularly in Europe.

An artisanal miner carries raw ore at Tilwizembe, a former industrial copper-cobalt mine, outside of Kolwezi, the capital city of Lualaba Province in the south of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, June 11, 2016

November 23, 2020

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: November 14-20

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from November 14 to November 20, 2020.

Map of Nigeria shaded in red to reflect Nigeria Security Tracker-documented deaths per state. Borno state, the northeastern-most state, is dark red, while the rest of the country are shades of pink. Regions of Cameroon, Chad, and Niger that have experienced Boko Haram-related violence are also shaded.