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October 1, 2019

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker

The Council on Foreign Relations's Nigeria Security Tracker is an effort to catalog and map political violence based on a weekly survey of Nigerian and international press. The data presented includes violent incidents related to political, economic, and social grievances directed at the state or other affiliative groups (or conversely the state employing violence to respond to those incidents.)

September 30, 2019

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: September 21–27

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from September 21 to 27, 2019.

Map of Nigeria shaded to reflect NST-documented deaths per state.

September 27, 2019

Nigeria
U.S. Arrests Celebrated Nigerian Entrepreneur for Fraud

In August, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) indicted eighty people for what it described as “the largest case of online fraud in U.S. history.” Seventy-seven of them were Nigerian. Separately, also indicted for computer and wire fraud was Obinwanne Okeke. He is accused of defrauding a subsidiary of Caterpillar of $11 million.

A car is parked on the street that says "FBI Police" on it.

September 25, 2019

Nigeria
Drivers of Nigerian Kidnapping Morph From Politics to Poverty

The current wave of kidnapping is different from the politically-motivated and usually geographically-banded kidnapping of the past. It is now occurring all over the country. According to Voice of America, this wave of kidnapping is driven by economic hardship.

Filipino men sit and are guarded by masked militants carrying automatic weapons.

September 17, 2019

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: September 7–13

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from September 7 to 13, 2019.

Map of Nigeria shaded to reflect NST-documented deaths per state.

September 24, 2019

South Africa
South Africa Making Progress Against Rhino Poaching

Barbara Creecy, South Africa’s Minister of Environment, Forestry and Fisheries announced on World Rhino Day a substantial decline in the poaching of South Africa’s rhinos. In June 2019, 318 were poached, compared to 386 during the same period last year. South Africa has up to 80 percent of the global population of twenty thousand rhinoceroses.

A rhino faces the camera in tall grass and bush next to a dead tree.

September 23, 2019

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: September 14–20

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from September 14 to 20, 2019.

Map of Nigeria shaded to reflect NST-documented deaths per state.

September 13, 2019

Nigeria
Niger and Nigeria Governors Pledge to Cooperate on Cross-Border Crime

Zakari Oumoru, the governor of Maradi, a region (equivalent to a state) in Niger, hosted a cross-border meeting with the Nigerian governors of Katsina, Sokoto, and Zamfara states to focus on cross-border crime, particularly banditry, kidnapping, and cattle rustling. The governors of the four states signed a memorandum of understanding, the text of which has not yet been carried in the Nigerian media. However, it appears to pledge closer cooperation against cross-border crime. Also present were representatives of the Nigerian security services based in the three Nigerian states.

A soldier stands on the side of the road in front of sparse trees on a sandy landscape.

September 20, 2019

Nigeria
Boko Haram Is Back in the Media Spotlight, but It Was Never Really Gone

President Muhammadu Buhari of Nigeria, on a number of occasions, has stated that Boko Haram is “technically defeated.” The Council’s Nigeria Security Tracker indicates otherwise, and on September 14, the New York Times published an extensive story on the resurgence of Boko Haram. It was accompanied by three pictures on a back page, including one of a child’s scar from an injury sustained during a suicide bombing.

Women and children sit outside the smoke-blackened remains of a building.

September 11, 2019

South Africa
Poor South Africans Attacking Foreign-Owned Business

Mob attacks on foreign-owned shops in Johannesburg have damaged relations between South Africa and Nigeria. The Nigerian government has announced that it is evacuating some four hundred Nigerians from South Africa. The violence is being characterized as “xenophobic,” which, by all accounts, it is. But the story is more complicated, and aspects of it have roots in apartheid South Africa and the dislocations resulting from too-rapid urbanization.

A man stands and looks among the burnt out cars at his dealership in Johannesburg, South Africa, following attacks.