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June 11, 2021

Censorship and Freedom of Expression
TWE Remembers: The Pentagon Papers

Sunday is the fiftieth anniversary of the New York Times’ publication of the Pentagon Papers. My colleague Margaret Gach, a research associate for U.S. foreign policy at the Council on Foreign Relati…

A stack of boxes containing volumes of the Pentagon Papers sit in front of a portrait of Lyndon B. Johnson.

June 7, 2021

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: May 29–June 4

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from May 29 to June 4, 2021.

Map of Nigeria shaded in red to reflect Nigeria Security Tracker-documented deaths per state. Borno state, the northeastern-most state, is dark red, while the rest of the country are shades of pink. Regions of Cameroon, Chad, and Niger that have experienced Boko Haram-related violence are also shaded.

June 4, 2021

South Africa
South Africa: Cyril Ramaphosa, Jacob Zuma, and Ace Magashule From 30,000 Feet

The African National Congress (ANC), the party which has dominated government since the end of apartheid in 1994, is a mélange of democratic and "liberation" assumptions and procedures. Once multiracial, the ANC is now largely a Black political party. During the 2009–2018 presidency of Jacob Zuma, it became deeply ensnarled in corruption and steadily lost the support of the electorate. Zuma is widely regarded as personally corrupt. Cyril Ramaphosa, a close associate of Nelson Mandela, campaigned within the party to unseat Zuma and clean up the corruption, not least to stimulate foreign and domestic investment in the economy.

South African President Cyril Ramaphosa and former President Jacob Zuma, both wearing yellow shirts with black and green stripes, cut a cake together. Several others stand around them wearing shirts of the same coloring.

June 3, 2021

Aging, Youth Bulges, and Population
Africa at the Center of Twenty-First-Century Demographic Shift

Nowhere is the African demographic boom more obvious than in Nigeria, where the current population of 219 million, according to the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency’s (CIA) World Factbook most recent estimate, is projected to increase to around 400 million by 2050, at which point it will likely displace the United States as the third largest country in the world by population. By the end of the century, some credibly project that Nigeria’s population will be greater than China's, where the birth-rate fall has been especially dramatic, leaving it second to only India in populational globally.

A man and his two children sit and speak to a woman wearing a bright orange vest and holding a smartphone who is working as an enumerator for the Kenyan Census.

June 1, 2021

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: May 22–28

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from May 22 to May 28, 2021.

Map of Nigeria shaded in red to reflect Nigeria Security Tracker-documented deaths per state. Borno state, the northeastern-most state, is dark red, while the rest of the country are shades of pink. Regions of Cameroon, Chad, and Niger that have experienced Boko Haram-related violence are also shaded.

May 28, 2021

United States
Remembering Those Whom Memorial Day Honors

The United States has fought twelve major wars and numerous smaller skirmishes in its history. Memorial Day is how we honor the soldiers, sailors, airmen, airwomen, and marines who did not return hom…

Memorial Day

May 27, 2021

Global
The President's Inbox Episodes by Topic

The President's Inbox (TPI) has produced more than two hundred episodes since it debuted in November 2016. The topics covered have ranged from Afghanistan to China to human rights to Russia to the ro…

Resolute desk

May 27, 2021

Nigeria
Islamic State in West Africa Now Dominates in Northeast Nigeria

The Islamic State in West Africa (ISWA) has announced that it has replaced Abubakar Shekau with Abu Musab al-Barnawi. Abu Musab "takes over all territories that were under Shekau. The immediate replacement of Shekau was a major revenge against the former Boko Haram leader that exhibited ‘highhandedness and ruthlessness’ against humanity in the Northeast." The announcement also included that ISWA had arrested thirty top commanders that were loyal to Shekau.

An image of an Islamic State flag.

May 26, 2021

Nigeria
Secrecy and Conspiracy Theories Surround Nigerian Plane Crashes

The plane crash May 21 killing Chief of Army Staff General Ibrahim Attahiru and all passengers and crew aboard is the fourth air tragedy in the past five months involving Nigeria Air Force aircraft. Initially, few details on the most recent crash were released, allowing conspiracy theories and falsely claimed videos of the crash to emerge on social media.

A line of Nigerian military officers raise their guns in salute at a funeral for a military general and others killed in a plane crash.

May 25, 2021

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: May 15–21

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from May 15 to May 21, 2021.

Map of Nigeria shaded in red to reflect Nigeria Security Tracker-documented deaths per state. Borno state, the northeastern-most state, is dark red, while the rest of the country are shades of pink. Regions of Cameroon, Chad, and Niger that have experienced Boko Haram-related violence are also shaded.