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December 4, 2020

Nigeria
Delegitimizing Armed Agitations in the Niger Delta

Militant groups under the platform of MEND unleashed coordinated attacks on Nigeria’s oil and gas infrastructure from 2006 to 2009. The pace of attacks fell after President Umaru Yar’Adua established an Amnesty Program that ostensibly included disarmament

A man is seen walking by a massive flame, the result of gas flaring in the Niger Delta.

November 23, 2020

Mozambique
The Military-First Approach in Northern Mozambique is Bound to Fail

Nolan Quinn is a research associate for the Council on Foreign Relations’ Africa Program. On October 14, the Islamist insurgency focused in northern Mozambique spilled over into Tanzania, with an …

An image of burned out huts in Chitolo village in northern Mozambique, which was attacked as part of an Islamist insurgency active in the area.

November 19, 2020

Nigeria
Nigerian Security Forces and the Dangers of a Violence-First Approach

On October 20, 2020, Nigerians watched in horror on social media as men suspected to be members of the military opened fire on peaceful #EndSARS protesters—a movement responding to a litany of abuses by the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS).

A pair of military officers are seen walking towards a group of young men on the street in Nigeria. One man has both arms raised.

November 17, 2020

Transition 2021
Climate Change: The Biden Administration's Opportunity in Africa

Climate change is both one of the greatest threats to Africa and an area in which Biden administration policy is most likely to differ from President Trump's. Through his leadership on this issue, the president-elect has a chance to make a difference.

A parched landscape around the Lake Wegnia, in Sahel region of Koulikoro, Mali. A small tree and a few shrubs intersperse a mostly dirt landscape.

December 2, 2020

Nigeria
Nigeria: Atrocity in the Northeast

In response to the November 28 killing of civilians working in rice fields in Jere local government area, close to the Borno State capital of Maiduguri, Borno State Governor Babagana Umara Zulum appears to be looking for local entities to restore security

Men gather near dead bodies of people who were killed by militant attack, during a mass burial at Zabarmari, in the Jere local government area of Borno State. The bodies are covered in white cloth and placed on wooden structures used to carry the bodies.

November 30, 2020

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: November 21-27

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from November 21 to November 27, 2020.

Map of Nigeria shaded in red to reflect Nigeria Security Tracker-documented deaths per state. Borno state, the northeastern-most state, is dark red, while the rest of the country are shades of pink. Regions of Cameroon, Chad, and Niger that have experienced Boko Haram-related violence are also shaded.

December 1, 2020

Nigeria
Nigerian Army at the Lekki Toll Gate

On the night of November 20, Nigerian army units attacked demonstrators calling for the abolition of the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS), an elite police unit known for its brutality. CNN has conducted an investigation of the Lekki episode.

A picture of the Lekki Toll Gate in Lagos, Nigeria, the site of a killing of peaceful protesters by the Nigerian military. The #EndsSARS hashtag is seen written in chalk on the ground in the foreground of the picture.

December 4, 2020

Transition 2021
Transition 2021: The Looming Iran Crisis

Each Friday, I look at what is happening in President-Elect Joe Biden’s transition to the White House. This week: Iran will likely provide an early test for Biden and his national security team.

The Iranian flag flies in front of a nuclear power plant.

December 2, 2020

United States
Ten Anniversaries to Note in 2021

Anniversaries mark the passage of time, recall our triumphs, and honor our losses. Two thousand twenty witnessed many significant anniversaries: the seventy-fifth anniversary of the end of World War …

Tomb of the Unknown Soldier

October 26, 2020

Nigeria
Will the Lekki Toll Gate Atrocity Change Nigeria?

Nigeria’s governance system is oppressive, though it lacks an evocative name like apartheid. The tragic episodes of brutality by the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS), while dismaying, are not new occurrences.

A picture of the Lekki toll gate, with concrete road barriers in the foreground. Graffiti is sprayed on the barriers, with protest slogans such as #EndSARS and #EndSWAT.