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December 7, 2018

Nigeria
Nigerian Police Are in Desperate Need of Reform

There are numerous proposals for police reform in Nigeria. One such reform, which has the support of some governors, is the creation of state police forces to replace or augment the NPF. In the north, vigilante groups, most notably members of the Civilian Joint Task Force, have an established presence in their communities and can be effective instruments of law enforcement, though they are not entirely accountable.

Nigeria-Police-Reform-Corruption

December 6, 2018

Nigeria
Nigeria Struggling to Cope With Rising Natural Disasters

In Nigeria, the devastating effects of climate change are in full view. Sea levels in the Gulf of Guinea are rising at one of the world’s fastest rates, a new University of Maryland study shows that the Sahara has expanded about 10 percent since 1920, and natural disasters appear to be on the rise. In 2017, flooding affected an estimated 250,000 Nigerians; in 2016, 92,000 were displaced. At the other end of the climate spectrum, up to 40 percent of the country’s land area is estimated now to be subject to periodic draught. 

Nigeria-NEMA-Flooding-Disasters-Climate-Change

December 12, 2018

Nigeria
Doing Business in Nigeria's Northeast, the Land of Boko Haram

On December 10, the Financial Times published a fascinating article by Neil Munshi, dateline Maiduguri, on how honest businesses have adapted to operating in areas affected by Boko Haram. Specifically, Munshi cites Coca-Cola, Unilvever, and MTN, and telecommunications company. Since multinational forces dislodged Boko Haram from holding territory in 2015, the three have expanded their operations and their markets in Nigeria’s northeast.

Nigeria-Maiduguri-Business-Market

December 4, 2018

South Africa
Mandela Anniversaries Marked by Star-Studded Global Citizen Fundraiser

At the huge FNB Stadium in Johannesburg on December 2, more than one hundred thousand people participated in the Global Citizen Festival: Mandela 100, sponsored by the Motsepe Foundation. The event raised some $7 billion in commitments for the relief of poverty across the African continent, from big corporations, governments, and small donors. Performers included Beyonce, Jay-Z, and Usher, and speakers included a variety of South African political, economic, and traditional leaders, as well as Mandela’s family. In the audience was Oprah, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa, and numerous other heads of state. The event was hosted by South African comedian Trevor Noah.

South-Africa-Global-Citizen-Jay-Z-Beyonce

December 14, 2018

Sub-Saharan Africa
Africans Comprise a Large and Growing Share of Migrants to Europe

The European Commission has announced that that migrant and refugee arrivals in Europe via the Mediterranean Sea number 134,004 in as of December 5, 2018, down from 179,536 during the same period in 2017. The year that saw the highest number of arrivals, 1,015,078, was 2015. While Italy experienced the biggest drop, arrivals actually increased in Spain and Greece. Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan, Nigeria, and Pakistan have remained the largest countries of origin since 2014; since then, almost one million Syrians have sought asylum in the EU/Europe

Migrants-Libya-Africa-Europe

December 13, 2018

Burkina Faso
Islamist Terrorism Spreads to Eastern Burkina Faso

On December 3, police officers killed six terrorists after a security patrol was ambushed in eastern Burkina Faso. Reports from the country in the past year point to a worrying sign that the spread of Islamist terrorism continues unabated in the West African country.

Burkina-Faso-Terrorism-East

December 11, 2018

South Africa
South Africa's New Director of Public Prosecutions

President Cyril Ramaphosa of South Africa selected Shamila Batohi to the new national director of public prosecutions (NDPP) for a single ten-year term. As NDPP, Batohi will head the National Prosecuting Authority (NPA), which, as its name implies, determines who to prosecute and who not to prosecute on behalf of the state. 

South-Africa-Shamila-Batohi-Ramaphosa-NDPP-Corruption

September 25, 2018

United Nations
Narcissistic Nationalism: Trump’s Second UN General Assembly Address

Trump’s address to the UN highlighted his narrow-minded, transactional approach to diplomacy. He may have been speaking at the United Nations, but the emphasis was clearly on the second word—nations—…

U.S. President Donald J. Trump addresses the seventy-third session of the United Nations General Assembly in New York, on September 25, 2018.

December 10, 2018

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: December 1–7

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger between December 1 to 7.

Nigeria-Boko-Haram-Terrorism-Security-Tracker

November 29, 2018

Nigeria
President Buhari Responds to Recent Military Setbacks

On November 28, Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari visited soldiers and a military hospital in Maiduguri, the capital of Borno state and the epicenter of the Boko Haram insurgency. His visit was in conjunction with the 2018 chief of army staff’s annual conference.

Nigeria-Buhari-Maiduguri-Boko-Haram-Military