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July 29, 2019

United States
Election 2020: John Hickenlooper, Democratic Presidential Candidate

Political strategists often ask whether a presidential candidate is someone a voter would want to have a beer with. In the case of former Governor of Colorado John Hickenlooper, they have a candidate…

John Hickenlooper

August 20, 2019

Nigeria
Nigerian Shia Leader Zakzaky Alleges U.S. Involvement in Treatment in India

On August 13, Ibrahim el-Zakzaky arrived in India to receive medical treatment. Three days later, he returned to Nigeria having refused medical treatment. Upon his return, he was placed under arrest. He found his treatment in New Delhi to be unsatisfactory and objected to the tight security arrangements that had been put in place. He and some of his followers are claiming that the United States was behind his perceived poor treatment in India.

Protesters hold a sign that says "Free Zakzaky" and has images of the Nigerian Shia leader.

August 19, 2019

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: August 10–16

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from August 10 to 16, 2019.

Map of Nigeria shaded to reflect NST-documented deaths per state.

August 22, 2019

Nigeria
Home to Over Half the Population, Nigeria's Cities Continue to Boom

At independence in 1960, Lagos had an estimated population of 763,000; today it is about 13 million. Together with Lagos state, the population reaches 21 million. While Lagos is by far the largest city in Nigeria, security concerns, rural poverty, and hopes for greater economic opportunity are driving people to cities all over the country.

People, buses, and motorbikes move along roads on Victoria Island, Lagos, Nigeria in front of skyscrapers.

August 15, 2019

Nigeria
The Zakzaky Saga Continues in India, as Sheikh Seeks Medical Treatment

In August, the ailing Sheikh Ibrahim el-Zakzaky and his wife, who have been in government custody since 2015, was allowed to receive medical attention abroad. He touched down in Delhi on August 13, though his visit has been mired in controversy. 

A protester holds a banner that reads, "Zakzaky needs urgent medical attention!"

August 21, 2019

Nigeria
Debt Servicing, Tax Revenue, and Oil in Nigeria

President Buhari is publicly asking the Federal Inland Revenue Service about its failure to meet tax-collecting targets since 2015. Nigerian Federal and state entities have borrowed so much money that debt service now consumes more than 70 percent of revenue, according to the Finance Ministry. 

Tunde Fowler sits and gestures in front of a FIRS logo during an interview.

August 14, 2019

Nigeria
Understanding the Threat Posed by ISWA in Nigeria

The fishing town of Baga, on the shores of Lake Chad, has been devastated by both Boko Haram and the Nigerian army. It is currently controlled by the Boko Haram faction, the Islamic State in West Africa (ISWA). The group is led by Abu Abdallah al-Barnawi, and is separate from, and presumably a rival to, Abubakar Shekau’s faction. Obi Anyadike, a reporter, interviewed eight former residents of Baga who had fled to Maiduguri.

Two women and a man stand by a window and a door of a mosque in Maiduguri.

August 13, 2019

Nigeria
Making Military Reform and Civilian Oversight a Reality in Nigeria

Nigeria returned to democracy in 1999, after two long periods of military rule—1966–79 and 1983–98—during which the military wielded executive, legislative, and judicial power. This has left a historical legacy of a powerful military used to doing whatever it wants with no questions asked. On return to democracy, it also left the country with a political class that is wary of military power, and unwilling and unable to impose democratic civilian oversight of the military. 

Three Nigerian soldiers stand in front of a thatch hut and a tank in full fear.

August 12, 2019

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: August 3–9

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from August 3 to 9, 2019.

Map of Nigeria shaded to reflect NST-documented deaths per state.

August 8, 2019

Refugees and Displaced Persons
U.S. Refugee Resettlement Shrinking as Need From Africa Continues Growing

According to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), out of the 1.2 million refugees worldwide that needed resettlement in 2018, only fifty-five thousand were actually resettled—a mere 4.7 percent of the global need. Sub-Saharan Africa hosts twenty-six percent of the world’s refugee population.

An aerial view shows rows upon rows of recently constructed shacks at the Kakuma refugee camp.