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September 17, 2019

United States
Election 2020: Joe Biden, Democratic Presidential Candidate

Is the third time really the charm? Former Vice President Joe Biden certainly hopes so. He first threw his hat in the ring for the 1988 Democratic nomination but ended up dropping out of the race mon…

Joe Biden

August 21, 2019

Nigeria
Debt Servicing, Tax Revenue, and Oil in Nigeria

President Buhari is publicly asking the Federal Inland Revenue Service about its failure to meet tax-collecting targets since 2015. Nigerian Federal and state entities have borrowed so much money that debt service now consumes more than 70 percent of revenue, according to the Finance Ministry. 

Tunde Fowler sits and gestures in front of a FIRS logo during an interview.

August 13, 2019

Nigeria
Making Military Reform and Civilian Oversight a Reality in Nigeria

Nigeria returned to democracy in 1999, after two long periods of military rule—1966–79 and 1983–98—during which the military wielded executive, legislative, and judicial power. This has left a historical legacy of a powerful military used to doing whatever it wants with no questions asked. On return to democracy, it also left the country with a political class that is wary of military power, and unwilling and unable to impose democratic civilian oversight of the military. 

Three Nigerian soldiers stand in front of a thatch hut and a tank in full fear.

August 8, 2019

Refugees and Displaced Persons
U.S. Refugee Resettlement Shrinking as Need From Africa Continues Growing

According to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), out of the 1.2 million refugees worldwide that needed resettlement in 2018, only fifty-five thousand were actually resettled—a mere 4.7 percent of the global need. Sub-Saharan Africa hosts twenty-six percent of the world’s refugee population.

An aerial view shows rows upon rows of recently constructed shacks at the Kakuma refugee camp.

August 14, 2019

Nigeria
Understanding the Threat Posed by ISWA in Nigeria

The fishing town of Baga, on the shores of Lake Chad, has been devastated by both Boko Haram and the Nigerian army. It is currently controlled by the Boko Haram faction, the Islamic State in West Africa (ISWA). The group is led by Abu Abdallah al-Barnawi, and is separate from, and presumably a rival to, Abubakar Shekau’s faction. Obi Anyadike, a reporter, interviewed eight former residents of Baga who had fled to Maiduguri.

Two women and a man stand by a window and a door of a mosque in Maiduguri.

August 12, 2019

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: August 3–9

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from August 3 to 9, 2019.

Map of Nigeria shaded to reflect NST-documented deaths per state.

August 7, 2019

Nigeria
Attacks on the Media Continue Unabated in Nigeria

There has been a string of arrests of media personalities and suspensions of media outlets in Nigeria. Recently, some of the arrests have been related to support for a protest tagged “Days of Rage” and #RevolutionNow, against what supporters consider a failure of governance, but the harassment of media in Nigeria is nothing new. 

A man looks at a newspaper headline in front of a newspaper stand in Abuja, Nigeria.

July 31, 2019

Rwanda
Alongside Real Progress, Kagame’s Human Rights Abuses Persist

President Paul Kagame’s Vision 2020 roadmap for Rwanda has led to remarkable progress with respect to women’s equal place in society. But these great strides in gender equality occur alongside Kagame’s human rights abuses. 

Diane Rwigara is held and escorted by two police officers in Rwanda.

August 6, 2019

Nigeria
Nigeria's Political and Security Crises Boiling Over Across the Country

Over the past week, following another violent clash with the security services, the leader of a Shia movement was ordered to be granted bail; Borno state has been hit with massive attacks, taking the lives of scores of civilians and military personnel; and the leader of a small political party who is also the editor of Sahara Reporters, was arrested shortly before planned protests could begin. Government responses to these crises appear so far to have been ineffective.

Police officers pull two people on the ground next to a truck that says "Lagos State Taskforce."

July 29, 2019

Nigeria
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: July 20–26

This update represents violence in Nigeria and related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger from July 20 to 26, 2019.

Map of Nigeria shaded to reflect NST-documented deaths per state.