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March 8, 2019

Energy and Environment
The Tech-Enabled Energy Future

A new wave of energy innovation is remaking the transportation, electricity, and manufacturing sectors. This revolution is already creating uncertainty about the future energy landscape, lessening common interests between oil producing nations and the world’s largest economies.

NuTonomy’s driverless car, the first to launch in Boston, takes a spin around Drydock Avenue in South Boston, on January 4, 2017.

June 29, 2015

Energy and Climate Policy
Oil Prices, Low-Carbon Energy, and Climate Policy

Overview For decades, oil prices have influenced the outlook for alternatives to oil and policies that support those alternatives. Expensive oil makes substitutes more appealing; cheap oil makes t…

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May 22, 2015

Energy and Climate Policy
Fuel Subsidy Reform

Overview Subsidies that encourage fossil fuel consumption cost governments an estimated $500 billion annually and have vexed policymakers for years. The Maurice R. Greenberg Center for Geoeconomic…

Fuel Subsidy Reform cover

March 9, 2016

Food and Water Security
Anticipating and Avoiding Global Food Price Crises

Overview Global food prices have spiked several times in recent years, most notably in 2007–2008 and again in 2010–2011. A sharp increase in food prices, especially in staple grains such as corn, …

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December 3, 2018

Ukraine
Advancing Natural Gas Reform in Ukraine

The Donald J. Trump administration should place energy-sector reform at the center of its relationship with Ukraine. Doing so would constitute a low-risk, high-reward strategy for Washington to counter Moscow’s influence at the NATO border.

A Ukrainian worker checks gas valves of the main natural gas pipeline at the gas-compressor station in Boyarka village.

June 27, 2016

Trade
The Future of Global Supply Chains

Overview Global trade and the supply chains that support it are undergoing a period of profound change, including structural transformations in the cross-border flow of goods and services thanks t…

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September 11, 2017

Global Governance
Innovations in Global Governance

Greater resilience to nationalist rollback is most likely in arenas of global governance where national governments are less dominant. Some of the disruptors to global governance that led to innovation also promise resilience to national policy change.

Participants gather during the World Climate Change Conference 2015 at Le Bourget, France, on December 4, 2015. (Stephane Mahe/Reuters)

July 26, 2018

Energy and Environment
Applying Blockchain Technology to Electric Power Systems

Blockchain does not singularly address the various challenges that the electricity sector faces, but it should be one of a portfolio of technology options to address those challenges. And its potential as a platform technology might be transformative.

Illustration of a smart city concept (iStoch/Getty Images)

June 25, 2018

Renewable Energy
Digital Decarbonization

Advances in data science are already transforming the way energy is produced, transported and consumed. These innovations have the potential to reduce carbon emissions and boost clean energy, but they also come with serious risks.

Conceptual illustration (LuckyStep48/Alamy)

May 21, 2018

Trade
Global Imbalances Tracker

The CFR Global Imbalances Tracker can be used to gauge, through time, the vulnerability of individual countries and the global economy to the buildup of imbalances in the current account.