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July 1, 1998

Europe and Eurasia
Centralization or Fragmentation?

The European Union has shown remarkable resiliency and dynamism over the past decade. Despite the end of the Cold War and the struggle to ratify the Maastricht Treaty, the EU continues its quest to d…

September 1, 1998

India
After the Tests

The spring 1998 Indian and Pakistani nuclear tests made South Asia and the world a more dangerous place, says this independent Task Force report. It recommends that the immediate objectives of U.S. f…

January 1, 1999

Space
Space, Commerce, and National Security

Overview Throughout the past decade, space has become increasingly important to all aspects of American life. The information revolution now transforming both private activity and global commerce …

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March 26, 1999

Afghanistan
Testimony on the Situation in Afghanistan Before the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations

Recent Events and Political Actors in AfghanistanFor policy recommendations, see text of oral testimony1. INTRODUCTION: SUMMARY OVERVIEW1On August 8, 1998, the Taliban (Islamic student) movement of A…

March 26, 1999

Afghanistan
Statement on the Situation in Afghanistan Before the Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs

Mr. Chairman, thank you for this invitation, and thank you for your continuing work to focus attention on Afghanistan. I have brought a written submission for the record providing background in…

April 1, 1999

Europe and Eurasia
U.S. Policy Toward Northeastern Europe

During the Cold War Northeastern Europe was a strategic backwater and received relatively little attention in U.S. policy. However, since the end of the Cold War, the region has become an important f…

August 10, 1999

Defense and Security
Arming the Future

The end of the Cold War created a crisis for the American military industrial complex: procurement spending dropped by more than 60 percent in a decade and the export market imploded. In Arming the F…

October 7, 1999

Trade
The Diminishing Returns to Export-Led Growth

Overview In the 1970s and 1980s, there was a tremendous sea-change in development policy thinking, among both academic economists and policymakers. The inward-oriented, import-substitution strateg…

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October 28, 1999

Financial Markets
The American Stock Market as a Financial Risk

Overview Developed nation policymakers will not likely have to deal with a US stock market decline that precipitates a global downturn. Most likely, guided by active, informed markets and sound go…

October 1, 1999

Inequality
Growing Apart

Read an excerpt of Growing Apart. Is globalization a major contributor to increasing wage inequality? Growing Apart: The Causes and Consequences of Global Wage Inequality says it is not. Economist…