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July 25, 2022

Infectious Diseases
Why Hasn’t the World Eradicated Polio?

The world is inching closer to eradicating polio, but armed conflicts and opposition to vaccines stand in the way of finally eliminating the disease.

A health worker marks the finger of a child with indelible ink during an anti-polio campaign at an Afghan refugee settlement on the outskirts of Islamabad, Pakistan.

July 19, 2022

Pharmaceuticals and Vaccines
A Guide to Global COVID-19 Vaccine Efforts

The swift development of effective vaccines against COVID-19 was an unprecedented scientific achievement. But production challenges, vaccine nationalism, and new variants have all presented hurdles.

Physician Alister Martin receives one of the first doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech coronavirus disease (COVID-19) vaccine at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, U.S., December 16, 2020.Craig F. Walker

May 19, 2022

Hong Kong
Hong Kong’s Freedoms: What China Promised and How It’s Cracking Down

Beijing has tightened its grip on Hong Kong in recent years, dimming hopes that the financial center will ever become a full democracy.

Hong Kong police force a man's arms behind his back, as an officer stands close to the camera, in Hong Kong.

December 10, 2021

Human Rights
Marriage Equality: Global Comparisons

A growing number of countries are legalizing same-sex marriage amid a steady advance in rights for LGBTQ+ people, but opposition remains strong in many countries.

Two young women sitting in ornate white chairs and holding hands surrounded by members of the media.

March 18, 2022

Sub-Saharan Africa
AGOA: The U.S.-Africa Trade Program

AGOA is the cornerstone of the U.S.-Africa trade relationship, but declining support has called the program’s value into question.

A worker wearing a dust mask sews at an export processing zone factory in Athi River, Kenya.

February 18, 2022

Americas
The Organization of American States

The Organization of American States is an important forum for regional diplomacy and has become more assertive in promoting the rule of law, human rights, and fair elections as some states face domes…

World leaders convene during the OAS’ 2019 General Assembly meeting in Colombia.

November 17, 2021

Climate Change
Global Climate Agreements: Successes and Failures

International efforts, such as the Paris Agreement, aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. But experts say countries aren’t doing enough to limit dangerous global warming.

Muddy waters nearly submerge lines of cars during a flood in Colorado, United States.

September 7, 2006

United States
Targets for Terrorists: Post-9/11 Aviation Security

The air travel system remains one of the most high-profile targets for terrorists. This backgrounder examines efforts to improve aviation security since the 9/11 attacks.

October 27, 2010

United States
Immigration and the Midterm Elections

The economic climate and border security concerns have fueled the immigration debate in the U.S. congressional elections. This Backgrounder examines races where immigration is playing a role and the …

May 18, 2007

Iraq
Democrats, Republicans, and Political Fault Lines on Iraq

Public disapproval of the Iraq war is starting to create fissures among Republicans and posing challenges for Democrats seeking to balance national security and political gains .