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July 19, 2018

North Korea
Pedestrians walk past portraits of Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-il. North Korea’s Power Structure

In North Korea, all authority flows from Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un. He has reinstated the party as the central hub to consolidate his power and bring elites to heel.

June 6, 2018

North Korea
Vehicles carry missiles during a military parade in Pyongyang. North Korea’s Military Capabilities

Kim Jong-un has accelerated North Korea’s buildup of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction, while also modernizing its large conventional force.

March 28, 2018

China
North Korean leader Kim Jong-un meets with China’s Xi Jinping in Beijing. The China–North Korea Relationship

China is North Korea’s biggest trade partner and has leverage over Kim Jong-un’s regime, yet its policies focus more on border stability than nuclear threat.

January 3, 2018

North Korea
A woman works at a textile mill in Pyongyang, North Korea. What to Know About the Sanctions on North Korea

North Korea continues to endure economic sanctions, suggesting that enforcement has not been strong enough to pressure Pyongyang into negotiations on its nuclear program.

December 19, 2011

Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament
North Korea After Kim

Kim Jong-il’s death has prompted discussion about the future of the isolated country and its nuclear weapons program. Experts cited in this CFR Backgrounder believe a post-Kim regime in North Korea w…

August 29, 2017

North Korea
U.S. Navy Can Ballistic Missile Defense Shield Guam From North Korea?

Attempts by the United States and Japan to intercept North Korean ballistic missiles headed toward Guam could fail and undermine the credibility of missile defense.

October 31, 2012

Elections and Voting
The Candidates on North Korea

President Obama has expanded sanctions against North Korea over its nuclear ambitions while making attempts to engage with it, but Mitt Romney has criticized the engagement policy as weak.

June 28, 2008

North Korea
State Sponsors: North Korea

North Korea’s recent nuclear program and recent nuclear test have resulted in on-going negotiations aimed at North Korea’s cooperation with the international community.

June 7, 2006

North Korea
North Korea’s Capitalist Experiment

The government of North Korean President Kim Jung-Il retains a virtual death grip on the nation’s economy, directing all official economic activity through an authoritarian command system. But recent…

July 5, 2018

NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
Nato The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

NATO is girding up for what some believe is a new Cold War with Russia, but President Trump’s criticism of longtime allies has unsettled the twenty-nine-member bloc.