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June 14, 2019

Energy and Environment
Climate Risk Impacts on the Energy System

Insights from a CFR workshop examining the financial, regulatory, security, and technological dimensions of climate risks to the U.S. energy system.

Hurricane Harvey off the coast of Texas as seen from the International Space Station, on August 25, 2017.

January 27, 2014

Fossil Fuels
Implications of Reduced Oil Imports for the U.S. Trade Deficit

Robert Lawrence shows that, absent other changes in the economy, benefits from declining oil imports for the long-term U.S. trade deficit have been overstated.

Implications of Reduced Oil Imports for the U.S. Trade Deficit header

October 15, 2013

Fossil Fuels
The Shale Gas and Tight Oil Boom

Introduction U.S. policymakers have been concerned about the country's dependence on imported energy since World War II. Those concerns were highlighted in the 1970s when episodes of sharply risin…

The Shale Gas and Tight Oil Boom header

June 29, 2015

Energy and Climate Policy
Oil Prices, Low-Carbon Energy, and Climate Policy

Overview For decades, oil prices have influenced the outlook for alternatives to oil and policies that support those alternatives. Expensive oil makes substitutes more appealing; cheap oil makes t…

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November 20, 2015

Fossil Fuels
Fiscal Breakeven Oil Prices

Introduction An oil-exporting country’s “fiscal breakeven” oil price is the minimum price per barrel that the country needs in order to meet its expected spending needs while balancing its budget …

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March 8, 2019

Energy and Environment
The Tech-Enabled Energy Future

A new wave of energy innovation is remaking the transportation, electricity, and manufacturing sectors. This revolution is already creating uncertainty about the future energy landscape, lessening common interests between oil producing nations and the world’s largest economies.

NuTonomy’s driverless car, the first to launch in Boston, takes a spin around Drydock Avenue in South Boston, on January 4, 2017.

December 3, 2018

Ukraine
Advancing Natural Gas Reform in Ukraine

The Donald J. Trump administration should place energy-sector reform at the center of its relationship with Ukraine. Doing so would constitute a low-risk, high-reward strategy for Washington to counter Moscow’s influence at the NATO border.

A Ukrainian worker checks gas valves of the main natural gas pipeline at the gas-compressor station in Boyarka village.

October 15, 2013

Fossil Fuels
Oil Security and Conventional War

Overview In the past, conventional militaries were plagued by wartime oil shortages that severely undermined their battlefield effectiveness. But could oil shortages threaten military effectivenes…

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November 29, 2018

Arctic
Arctic Governance

As national governments, international institutions, and nonstate actors explore approaches to Arctic governance, a cohesive approach is necessary to address the environmental, economic, sociocultural, and geopolitical challenges the region faces.

Norway's Crown Prince Haakon (center) and Crown Princess Mette-Marit (right) look at an Arctic map at the   Canadian Museum of Nature in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, on November 7, 2016.

November 27, 2018

North Korea
Council of Councils Eleventh Regional Conference

Sessions were held on denuclearizing North Korea, addressing global health among the world's aging population, managing energy and the environment in Asia, and the intersection of technology and nati…

China's President Xi Jinping and U.S. President Donald Trump address business leaders at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on November 9, 2017.