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January 7, 2019

Public Health Threats and Pandemics
The Ebola Virus

Endemic to the African tropics, the Ebola virus has killed thousands in recent years, putting the World Health Organization and major donor countries in the limelight as they’ve grappled with how to …

A health-care worker stands next to a cross during the funeral of a person suspected of dying of Ebola in Beni, Democratic Republic of Congo.

December 20, 2018

United States
The National Debt Dilemma

With the U.S. national debt already exceeding $15 trillion, President Trump’s tax reform and budget deals with Congress have added to the country’s deficits. CFR explores the origins of the national debt, the risks it presents, and the outlook for change.

US-Debt-BGR-Header-2-1160x630.jpg

November 8, 2018

Monetary Policy
The Role of the U.S. Federal Reserve

The role of the Federal Reserve has transformed in the past decade, as it has deployed trillions of dollars to boost the U.S. economy while expanding its regulatory oversight of the nation’s financia…

Federal Reserve

October 25, 2018

Trade
How Are Trade Disputes Resolved?

With President Donald Trump launching NAFTA negotiations and criticizing the WTO, international trade dispute forums are under increasing scrutiny.

Dispute Resolution in Trade Agreements

October 22, 2018

Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament
The Uncertain Future of the INF Treaty

Backgrounder examines the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty, which may now be imperiled by mutual suspicion between Russia and the United States.

Reuters

March 28, 2018

China
The China–North Korea Relationship

China is North Korea’s biggest trade partner and has leverage over Kim Jong-un’s regime, yet its policies focus more on border stability than nuclear threat.

North Korean leader Kim Jong-un meets with China’s Xi Jinping in Beijing.

February 26, 2018

Influence Campaigns and Disinformation
Russia, Trump, and the 2016 U.S. Election

Charges of foreign power interference in the U.S. presidential election have raised grave national security concerns and touched off multiple federal inquiries that could drag on for months.

Robert Mueller Russia Investigation

December 28, 2017

Sub-Saharan Africa
Africa’s ‘Leaders for Life’ Syndrome

Sub-Saharan Africa is home to many of the world’s longest-ruling heads of state, but civil society and regional blocs may be slowing the trend of extending presidential terms in some areas.

African Leaders

October 17, 2017

United States
The U.S. Trade Deficit: How Much Does It Matter?

President Trump has made reducing the U.S. trade deficit a priority, blaming trade deals like NAFTA, but economists disagree over how policymakers should respond.

Chinese steel factory

February 2, 2005

Iraq
Iraq: The war’s price tag

This publication is now archived. How much has the war in Iraq cost?Congress has so far appropriated about $123 billion for the war in Iraq in addition to the military’s standard operating expenses c…