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March 20, 2018

United States
In Memoriam: Peter G. Peterson

CFR’s Chairman Emeritus Peter G. Peterson passed away on March 20 at age 91.

May 21, 2019

South Africa
South Africa’s Blackouts Demonstrate Need for Distributed Energy Resources

This is a guest post by Benjamin Silliman, research associate for Energy Security and Climate Change at the Council on Foreign Relations and Payce Madden, researcher in African development. South …

A shopper looks for goods during an electricity load-shedding blackout in Johannesburg, South Africa, February 12, 2019.

May 16, 2019

Trade
The Truth About Tariffs

Tariffs have been applied over the years to protect homegrown industries and target competitors who are seen as using unfair trade practices. They impose costs on both importers and exporters and had been in decline until the recent U.S.-China trade war.

A steelworker tests a sample of steel at an Indiana mill in March 2018.

May 14, 2019

Saudi Arabia
Oil Sabotage Might Seem Like Small Potatoes, But Underlying Geopolitical Problems Are Not

The United States keeps signaling that it has hard power. Most recently, the United States made known that it was deploying additional ships, the USS Abraham Lincoln and USS Arlington, to the Middle …

A damaged Andrea Victory ship is seen off the Port of Fujairah, United Arab Emirates, May 13, 2019. 

May 13, 2019

Trade
The Global Trading System: What Went Wrong and How to Fix It

Introduction It has now been more than a quarter century since the United States, the European Union (EU), Japan and more than 100 other countries came together to conclude the Uruguay Round globa…

WTO World Trade Organization Geneva

May 13, 2019

China
Is ‘Made in China 2025’ a Threat to Global Trade?

China’s industrial policy is aimed at rapidly expanding its high-tech sectors and developing its advanced manufacturing base. The plan is seen as a threat by President Trump, and could escalate the trade war.

Microchip production in China

May 8, 2019

Election 2020
The 2020 Presidential Candidates: In Their Own Words

The Democratic and Republican presidential contenders have begun defining their approach to major foreign policy issues as they jockey for position in their parties’ primaries.

The Presidential Seal

May 2, 2019

Iran
What Effects Will Tighter U.S. Sanctions on Iran’s Oil Have?

With significant risks now looming over global energy markets, the United States should be careful in evaluating any future oil sanctions, Amy Myers Jaffe writes in the following Q & A which first ap…

A gas flare on an oil production platform in the Soroush oil fields is seen alongside an Iranian flag in the Persian Gulf, Iran, July 25, 2005.

May 2, 2019

Russia
Have Sanctions on Russia Changed Putin’s Calculus?

Since Russia’s 2014 invasion of Ukraine, Western powers have hit Moscow with economic sanctions, hoping to put a stop to President Vladimir Putin’s aggression. Have they worked?

Russia Economy Putin

May 1, 2019

Economics
The World’s Next Big Growth Challenge

The economic performance of lower-income developing countries will be crucial to reducing poverty further. Although these economies face significant headwinds, they could also seize important new gro…

Nigeria Market Lagos