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November 18, 2022

Middle East and North Africa
What Is the Kafala System?

The kafala system regulates the lives of tens of millions of migrant laborers in the Middle East, but growing outrage over human rights abuses, racism, and gender discrimination has fueled calls for …

Workers are seen in the Lusail National Stadium, which is under construction for the 2022 FIFA World Cup in Doha, Qatar.

October 28, 2022

Israel
What to Know About the Arab Citizens of Israel

Arabs represent one-fifth of Israel’s population. Systemic discrimination, outbreaks of communal violence, and the broader Israeli-Palestinian conflict continue to strain their ties with Israel’s Jew…

Arab citizens of Israel stand near demolished houses in the northern city of Qalansawe in January 2017.

October 21, 2022

Middle East and North Africa
Yemen’s Tragedy: War, Stalemate, and Suffering

Yemen’s internal divisions and a Saudi-led military intervention have spawned an intractable political, military, and humanitarian crisis.

Five Houthis ride atop a military vehicle.

August 24, 2022

Middle East and North Africa
Turkey’s Growing Foreign Policy Ambitions

Turkey’s geography and membership in NATO have long given the country an influential voice in foreign policy, but the assertive policies of President Erdogan have complicated its role.

Recep Tayyip Erdogan speaking in front of massive Turkish flags and portraits of himself and Mustafa Kemal Ataturk

July 20, 2022

Middle East and North Africa
What Is U.S. Policy on the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict?

The United States has long tried to negotiate a resolution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, but several factors, including deep divisions between and within the parties and declining U.S. interes…

A Palestinian uses a ladder to climb over the wall separating the Israeli and Palestinian sides of the West Bank.

July 20, 2022

Iran Nuclear Agreement
What Is the Iran Nuclear Deal?

The United States’ withdrawal from the arms control agreement has heightened tensions and left the remaining signatories scrambling to keep the deal alive.

Kerry-Zarif-RTX22N89.jpg

August 2, 2022

Food and Water Security
Water Stress: A Global Problem That’s Getting Worse

Water scarcity threatens the health and development of communities around the globe. Climate change is intensifying the problem, pushing governments to find more innovative, collaborative ways to add…

New Delhi residents fill containers with drinking water from a municipal tanker in June 2018.

May 25, 2022

Lebanon
What Is Hezbollah?

Military experience gained from fighting in Syria’s civil war and decades of clashes with Israel have made the Iran-backed group stronger than ever, but the biggest threat it faces may be upheaval in…

A crowd of Hezbollah supporters surrounds a giant model of a fist holding a gun.

December 17, 2021

Middle East and North Africa
Understanding Sharia: The Intersection of Islam and the Law

Sharia guides the personal religious practices of Muslims worldwide, but whether it should influence modern legal systems remains a subject of intense debate.

People attend Friday prayers at the Wazir Khan mosque in Lahore, Pakistan.

August 17, 2021

Palestinian Territories
What Is Hamas?

The Palestinian armed group has struggled to govern Gaza. Yet, it remains committed to resisting Israel and shows little desire to reconcile with Palestinian leadership in the West Bank.

Gun-toting Hamas militants ride a vehicle amid a massive crowd of the group's supporters