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November 21, 2017

Russia
Countering Russian Information Operations in the Age of Social Media

Russia's information warfare operations, aimed to weaken adversaries' social cohesion and political systems, are complex and adaptive, but Western governments can take steps to guard against them.

A Russian flag and a 3-D model of the Facebook logo is seen through a cutout of the Twitter logo in this photo illustration taken in Zenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina, on May 22, 2015.

May 15, 2018

Cybersecurity
Sharing Classified Cyber Threat Information With the Private Sector

Critical infrastructure companies cannot protect themselves from adversarial nation-states without federal assistance. The U.S. government should create a classified network to share information on c…

Staff members sit at their workstations at the National Cybersecurity and Communications Integration Center in Arlington, Virginia, on January 13, 2015.

February 19, 2009

Financial Markets
A New Information Infrastructure for Financial Markets

Overview Information about prices and quantities of assets lies at the heart of well-functioning capital markets. In the current financial crisis, it has become clear that many important actors—bo…

A New Information Infrastructure for Financial Markets header

November 4, 2021

Competitiveness
Major Power Rivalry and the Management of Global Threats

The United States should regard distrust, not cooperation, as a baseline condition for starting negotiations around shared global threats and challenges with other major powers, such as China and Russia.

An iceberg floats in a fjord near the town of Tasiilaq, Greenland, June 18, 2018.

March 31, 2021

Democracy
COVID-19 and Its Effect on Inequality and Democracy

Beyond devastating public health, COVID-19 has worsened socioeconomic inequality, possibly for years to come, and exacerbated democratic regression in the United States, Brazil, India, Indonesia, and the Philippines.

Brazil’s President Jair Bolsonaro arrives at Alvorada Palace in Brasilia, Brazil, on April 20, 2020, amid the COVID-19 outbreak.

April 18, 2013

Wars and Conflict
Invisible Armies Insurgency Tracker

The interactive Invisible Armies Insurgency Tracker presents a database of insurgencies from 1775 to 2012. It supplements the comprehensive historical narrative in Invisible Armies: An Epic History o…

October 11, 2021

Competitiveness
Major Power Rivalry in South Asia

South Asia will be both the venue for and the source of intensifying U.S.-China and China-India rivalries. The United States should prepare to manage these rivalries by collaborating with allies and …

A panoramic view of south central Mumbai, India, shows a vast contrast in living conditions between lower-middle-class dwellings and towers for the elite.

April 9, 2020

Robots and Artificial Intelligence
Accelerating the Defense Department’s AI Adoption

The Department of Defense is struggling to adopt artificial intelligence technologies. Lindsey Sheppard explains the challenges the department faces and recommends strategies for moving forward.

The Pentagon logo is seen behind the podium in the Pentagon briefing room, in Arlington, Virginia, on January 8, 2020.

October 16, 2018

Cybersecurity
Disinformation on Steroids

Deep fakes—highly realistic and difficult-to-detect depictions of real people doing or saying things they never said or did—are a profoundly serious problem for democratic governments and the world order. A combination of technology, education, and public policy can reduce their effectiveness.

An image from a fake video of former President Barack Obama, demonstrating facial-mapping technology.

May 4, 2021

Technology and Innovation
Open Access Fiber to Improve U.S. Internet Connectivity

To avoid falling behind the rest of the world on internet speed and access, the United States should rapidly deploy fiber-optic internet nationwide. 

Close-up of Joe Biden in a blue suit and blue tie, speaking and gesturing with his right hand, in front of several U.S. flags