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July 19, 2022

Pharmaceuticals and Vaccines
A Guide to Global COVID-19 Vaccine Efforts

The swift development of effective vaccines against COVID-19 was an unprecedented scientific achievement. But production challenges, vaccine nationalism, and new variants have all presented hurdles.

Physician Alister Martin receives one of the first doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech coronavirus disease (COVID-19) vaccine at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, U.S., December 16, 2020.Craig F. Walker

May 12, 2022

Public Health Threats and Pandemics
The U.S. Opioid Epidemic

Opioid addiction in the United States has become a prolonged epidemic, endangering not only public health but also economic output and national security.

A man uses heroin under a bridge where he lives with other addicts in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

August 23, 2012

United States
National Conventions and U.S. Foreign Policy

U.S. presidential nominating conventions often touch on national security and foreign policy, but don’t always signal the direction of a winning candidate’s policy, explains this Backgrounder.

January 20, 2012

Iran
Oil’s Trouble Spots

With oil supplies tight, regions most vulnerable to oil supply disruptions present a significant economic concern, particularly threats to the Strait of Hormuz and unrest in Nigeria, explains this Ba…

February 9, 2010

Peru
Peru’s Mineral Wealth and Woes

Peru has avoided the development problems seen in other extraction-dependent economies, but experts say the country faces governance hurdles, especially on the environment.

November 4, 2008

Politics and Government
Presidential Transitions and Foreign Policy

The handoff of foreign policy responsibility from one U.S. presidential administration to another has proven risky in many cases. The next transition occurs at a time of extraordinary global challeng…

September 30, 2011

Terrorism and Counterterrorism
Threat of Homegrown Islamist Terrorism

An increase in terror incidents involving Islamic radicals who are U.S. citizens is vexing law enforcement officials and posing new questions about the roots of their radicalization.

January 24, 2013

United States
Congress and U.S. Foreign Policy

U.S. foreign policy is largely directed by presidents, but Congress does have considerable influence, as this CFR Backgrounder explains.

May 12, 2009

Vatican City
Vatican-Israel Relations

Relations between the Vatican and Israel are a complex combination of diplomacy mixed with interfaith discussion.

January 16, 2013

Food and Water Security
Food Price Volatility and Insecurity

Global food prices are being driven up by a number of factors including bad weather, low stocks, and unstable commodities markets. Combating price volatility and protecting food security will take in…