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August 17, 2021

Palestinian Territories
What Is Hamas?

The Palestinian armed group has struggled to govern Gaza. Yet, it remains committed to resisting Israel and shows little desire to reconcile with Palestinian leadership in the West Bank.

Gun-toting Hamas militants ride a vehicle amid a massive crowd of the group's supporters

September 23, 2021

Space
Space Exploration and U.S. Competitiveness

U.S. space exploration inspired a generation of students and innovators, but NASA’s role has diminished, and the number of global space competitors is growing.

A rocket carrying NASA's Mars 2020 Perseverance Rover vehicle lifts off from the Cape Canaveral in Florida.

July 15, 2020

Inequality
The U.S. Inequality Debate

Public policy experts call income and wealth inequality one of the defining challenges of our time. Recent crises have accelerated these divisions, and the coronavirus pandemic looks set to deepen th…

Striking McDonalds workers demanding a $15 minimum wage demonstrate in Las Vegas, Nevada.

July 16, 2019

North Korea
What to Know About Sanctions on North Korea

Kim Jong-un hopes a summit with President Trump will lead to sanctions relief, while experts disagree over whether increased pressure would push Pyongyang toward denuclearization.

A woman works at a textile mill in Pyongyang, North Korea.

June 4, 2012

United States
U.S. Entrepreneurship and Venture Capital

In the face of persistently high unemployment, policymakers and workers look to innovation and entrepreneurship to create new jobs. This Backgrounder discusses how entrepreneurs create and finance th…

June 8, 2007

Terrorism and Counterterrorism
Fatah al-Islam

An overview of the Fatah al-Islam terrorist group.

February 16, 2005

Iraq
IRAQ: The Battle for Falluja

This publication is now archived. What will define victory in the battle for Falluja?The major military offensive under way in Falluja will weaken the Iraqi insurgency by destroying one of its main l…

October 31, 2012

United States
The Candidates on Democracy Promotion in the Arab World

The presidential candidates generally agree on support for democracy and human rights in Arab states, but have differed on several policy particulars, such as military intervention in Libya and Syria.

August 2, 2006

Lebanon
Defining Victory: The Differing Goals of Israel and Hezbollah

As the fighting between Israel and Lebanon escalates into its third week, each side has its own definition of victory and its own plan for emerging from the crisis. Some experts say Hezbollah already…

July 23, 2012

Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament
Iran’s Ballistic Missile Program

Despite concerns over Iran’s nuclear program, the Obama administration has assessed that Tehran is years from a developing a long-range missile capable of delivering a nuclear weapon. But past Irania…