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October 31, 2023

Palestinian Territories
What Is Hamas?

The Palestinian militant group has struggled to govern Gaza and remains committed to violently resisting Israel. Its surprise attack against Israel in 2023 threatens a wider conflagration in the Midd…

Gun-toting Hamas militants ride a vehicle amid a massive crowd of the group's supporters

July 11, 2023

Middle East and North Africa
Turkey’s Growing Foreign Policy Ambitions

Turkey’s geography and membership in NATO have long given the country an influential voice in foreign policy, but the assertive policies of President Erdogan have complicated its role.

Recep Tayyip Erdogan speaking in front of massive Turkish flags and portraits of himself and Mustafa Kemal Ataturk

March 9, 2023

Israel
What to Know About the Arab Citizens of Israel

Arabs represent one-fifth of Israel’s population. Systemic discrimination, outbreaks of communal violence, and the broader Israeli-Palestinian conflict continue to strain their ties with Israel’s Jew…

Arab citizens of Israel stand near demolished houses in the northern city of Qalansawe in January 2017.

June 4, 2012

United States
U.S. Entrepreneurship and Venture Capital

In the face of persistently high unemployment, policymakers and workers look to innovation and entrepreneurship to create new jobs. This Backgrounder discusses how entrepreneurs create and finance th…

June 8, 2007

Terrorism and Counterterrorism
Fatah al-Islam

An overview of the Fatah al-Islam terrorist group.