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May 19, 2022

Hong Kong
Hong Kong’s Freedoms: What China Promised and How It’s Cracking Down

Beijing has tightened its grip on Hong Kong in recent years, dimming hopes that the financial center will ever become a full democracy.

Hong Kong police force a man's arms behind his back, as an officer stands close to the camera, in Hong Kong.

June 14, 2022

China
China and Russia: Exploring Ties Between Two Authoritarian Powers

China and Russia have expanded trade and defense ties over the past decade, but they’re not formal allies. Experts say Russia’s war in Ukraine could be a turning point in the relationship.

Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese President Xi Jinping stand next to each other.

October 8, 2021

Trade
The Truth About Tariffs

Tariffs have been applied over the years to protect homegrown industries and target competitors who are seen as using unfair trade practices. They impose costs on both importers and exporters and had been in decline until the recent U.S.-China trade war.

A steelworker tests a sample of steel at an Indiana mill in March 2018.

November 19, 2012

Development
Poland’s Economic Model

Poland has maintained economic growth despite the global financial crisis and eurozone woes, while asserting itself as a leading advocate for greater European integration.

Stock exchange figures are displayed above clocks with time from around the world at Warsaw Stock Exchange.

February 2, 2005

Iraq
IRAQ: Military Justice

This publication is now archived. How does the military justice system work?A U.S. soldier who is charged with breaking the law can face one of five types of military justice proceedings, says Lee D…

June 19, 2007

Iraq
Economic Doldrums in Iraq

Iraq’s failing economy helps feed the cycle of violence there. Beyond restoring security, however, experts disagree over how to resuscitate it.

November 11, 2008

Elections and Voting
Foreign Policy Brain Trusts: Obama’s Advisers

Sen. Barack Obama’s foreign policy team includes former State Department veterans and newcomers from academia who seek to reinvigorate U.S. diplomacy.

September 4, 2014

China
The East Turkestan Islamic Movement (ETIM)

The Muslim separatist group, based in the Xinjiang province in northwest China, presents a heightening security challenge for Beijing.

Protesters hold an East Turkestan flag during a demonstration in Berlin to protest against deadly riots in China’s northwestern region of Xinjiang, July 10, 2009.

October 26, 2005

United States
Recruitment Woes for U.S. Guard and Reserve

This publication is now archived. The current crisisThe war in Iraq is the United States’ first sustained conflict since the military shifted to an all-volunteer force in 1973. As the casualty count …

December 1, 2013

Wars and Conflict
Balance of U.S. War Powers

There have long been disputes over the role of Congress and the president in waging military action.

U.S. Air Force Salute