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November 4, 2022

Climate Change
Global Climate Agreements: Successes and Failures

International efforts, such as the Paris Agreement, aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. But experts say countries aren’t doing enough to limit dangerous global warming.

Muddy waters nearly submerge lines of cars during a flood in Colorado, United States.

October 20, 2022

United States
Is Rising Student Debt Harming the U.S. Economy?

Higher education provides students many socioeconomic benefits and increases the global competitiveness of the United States, but mounting student loan debt has sparked a debate over federal lending …

Students attend their graduation ceremony at the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA).

December 29, 2021

Venezuela
Venezuela: The Rise and Fall of a Petrostate

Venezuela’s descent into economic and political chaos in recent years is a cautionary tale of the dangerous influence that resource wealth can have on developing countries.

A silhouetted person stands in the foreground with industrial structures, including a tower with smoke and fire coming out of it, in the background. The photo appears to have been taken at either dusk or dawn.

January 20, 2022

NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
Why NATO Has Become a Flash Point With Russia in Ukraine

Russian leaders have watched with mounting resentment as the transatlantic alliance has nearly doubled its membership since the end of the Cold War. President Vladimir Putin has drawn a red line in U…

The NATO sign marks the seventieth anniversary of the Atlantic alliance in February 2020 in Kyiv, Ukraine.

February 7, 2018

Nuclear Weapons
U.S. Nuclear Weapons Modernization

U.S. strategic and tactical nuclear weapons on land, in the air, and at sea, will undergo costly and extensive modernization in the coming years.

Ian Dudley/Reuters

March 28, 2022

International Criminal Court
The Role of the International Criminal Court

The ICC was created to bring justice to the world’s worst war criminals, but debate over the court still rages.

Judges are pictured in the courtroom during the trial of Bosco Ntaganda at the International Criminal Court.

April 20, 2022

Inequality
The U.S. Inequality Debate

Public policy experts call income and wealth inequality one of the defining challenges of this century. Recent crises have accelerated these divisions, and the COVID-19 pandemic has deepened them fur…

Striking McDonalds workers demanding a $15 minimum wage demonstrate in Las Vegas, Nevada.

December 6, 2006

Iraq
The Baker-Hamilton Commission (aka Iraq Study Group)

As the much-discussed Iraq Study Group gears up to give its final report to Congress, there is a flurry of speculation over what its recommendations will include. Here is an inside look at the so-cal…

March 10, 2010

Iraq
IRAQ: Coalition Provisional Authority: The Iraqi Ministries

This publication is now archived. Senior advisers from the U.S.-led coalition will head Iraqi ministries until an interim government is put into place. Three Iraqi ministries have not been re-establi…

July 11, 2012

Financial Markets
The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision

Controversies over too-big-to-fail financial institutions continue to mount. The Basel Accords represent the latest effort to ease risk and restore confidence, as this Backgrounder explains.